Isabela, Puerto Rico – The Northwestern Garden

isabela pozo
Pozo de Jacinto

Foundation: Chief Mabodomaca ruled the region where Isabela (ee-sah-BAI-lah) was founded. He was one of the most important chiefs of the Island. Although the actual date is not known, a settlement called San Antonio de la Tuna existed in this great extension of land that occupy today the municipalities of Isabela, Camuy and Quebradillas. Its center was at that time along the shoreline of the Guajataca River. Around 1725 Governor José Antonio de Mendizábal y Azares granted authorization to base a population on the settlement, which must have happened as it normally did after the foundation of a hermitage. In this case additional factors were the avocation of San Antonio and the construction of a small village. At the end of eighteenth century when the area was visited by Fray Iñigo Abbad y La Sierra, San Antonio de la Tuna had a church, more than sixty houses and almost 1,200 inhabitants, which was a considerable number for those times.

In the second decade of the nineteenth century, around 1818, the neighbors were supposedly stimulated by Bishop Mariano Rodríguez Olmedo to grant Pablo Corchado authorization to request from Governor Salvador Meléndez the transfer of the population to new site closer to the coast. The new site would be named Isabela in honor of Queen Isabel of Castile. Meléndez approved the transfer request and the new town was founded the following year May 21, 1819. In this same year the construction of the church began which finished sixteen years later.

The economy of San Antonio de la Tuna had been based on cattle ranching. After the transfer to the present Isabela, the cultivation of sugar cane, coffee, tobacco and fruits was stimulated. In 1918 the church was damaged during a strong earthquake that affected the western region of the island, it was rebuilt at a cost of $52,000.

mapa isabelaLocation: It is bordered by: the Atlantic Ocean on the north; San Sebastián and Moca on the south, Aguadilla on the west, and Quebradillas on the east.
Area: 145.6 sq km / 56.0 sq mi
Population: 44,444 (census 2000)
Population Density: 305.2 per sq km / 793.6 per sq mi
People are known as: Isabelinos
Isabela is also known as:
El Jardín del Noroeste (The Northwestern Garden)
Los Gallitos (The Cockerels)
El Pueblo de los Quesitos de Hoja (The Town of Cheese)

Wards: Isabela, Puerto Rico
barrios isabela

Census 2000:
Population by Wards – Isabela
Habitants
Arenales Altos 3,677
Arenales Bajos 3,296
Bajura 501
Bejucos 3,056
Coto 3,799
Galateo Alto 1,269
Galateo Bajo 1,755
Guayabos 1,426
Guerrero 3,854
Isabela Town 9,204
Jobos 3,534
Llanadas 2,761
Mora 4,271
Planas 2,041
Total 44,444

Source: Censo 2000

Patron:
San Antonio de Padua
San Antonio de Padua Parish
P.O. Box 525
Isabela, P.R. 00662-0525
Tel. (787) 872-2563
Fundation: 1835
Patron Celebration: 13 de junio
Mass Schedule
Daily: 6:45am y 7:00pm
Saturdays: 7:00pm, Sundays: 7:00am, 10:30am y 7:00pm

Topography: Geographically it belongs to the Northern Coastal Plains. The Aymamón Mountains run through the south, which are an prolongation of the Jaicoa Mountain Range that begins in Aguadilla. The hills that are part of these mountains are La Bandera (Galateo Alto ward)) at 368 meters (1,207 feet); La Silla (Arenales Alto ward) at 337 meters (1,106 feet); El Sombrero (in Galateo Alto) at 330 meters (1,083 feet); Indio (Planas ward)) at 310 meters (1,017 feet); and Monte Encantado (in Arenales Altos) at 280 meters (919 feet) of elevation above sea level. The central part of the territory does not surpass 200 meters (656 feet) of height; near the coast, it is below that height.
Hydrography: The Guajataca River borders the east separating it from Quebradillas; its affluent the Sequía Gorge intersects the river at the Coto and Llanadas wards. Los Cedros and Del Toro gorges empty directly into the ocean.
Climate: Annual precipitation is around 62.8 inches and its average temperature is 84.7°F.
Economy: Manufacture (shoes), tourism, industry, dairy products, cattle, leather and tabacco.
Average Salary: $232.80 weekly (1998)

isabela banderaFlag: Isabela’s flag derives its design, colors and symbolism from its Coat of Arms. It consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width. The top and bottom stripe are yellow and the center one green. The Coat of Arms may be superposed on the green stripe in the center. The dimensions of the flag are the usual ones used in Puerto Rico.
isabela escudoCoat Of Arms: In a way similar to the flag, the shield is divided horizontally in three stripes of the same width, two gold and one green. The top and bottom stripes are gold, and the green stripe in the center has an olive tree in its center. The green symbolizes the first inhabitants of Isabela and of all Puerto Rico, including the Igneris Indians that were established here during the nineteenth century.

The gold represents the Taíno Indians, who lived in this area about two hundred years before the discovery of our island. They made extensive use of gold. The gold bell represented in the center stripe between two cactus is symbol of the hermitage, today in ruins. It is also a symbol of the town of San Antonio de la Tuna, founded during the last third of the seventeenth century along the Guajataca River. It is the place of origin of the present Isabela.

The roosters represent Isabela’s famous fighting cocks. They also represent bravery. The horse represents Isabela’s famous Paso Fino horses and the cattle wealth of the region. The crown has three towers, a standard emblem for cities.

Public Schools sorted by educational levels.
Arecibo Region
Isabela District

Name Level Telephone Address
Elementary
ANTONIO GEIGEL PAREDES K-6 (787) 872-1942 PO Box 545, P.R. 00662-0000
EMILIA CASTILLO PK-6 (787) 830-2925 PO Box 1487, P.R. 00662-0000
EPIFANIO ESTRADA K-6 (787) 872-4650 PO Box 545, P.R. 00662-0000
GLORIA GONZÁLEZ K-6 (787) 872-3440 PO Box 8000, P.R. 00622-0000
JOSÉ JULIÁN ACOSTA PK-6 (787) 872-2440 PO Box 1368, P.R. 00662-0000
JUAN B. HUYKE K-6 (787) 872-5520 PO Box 1368, P.R. 00662-0000
LA PLANTA K-6 (787) 872-4096 PO Box 80000, P.R. 00662-0000
MANTILLA K-6 (787) 872-5050 PO Box 8000, P.R. 00662-0000
MANUEL CORCHADO Y JUARBE K-6 (787) 872-2320 PO Box 855, P.R. 00662-0000
MATEO HERNÁNDEZ K-6 (787) 872-5770 PO Box 545, P.R. 00662-0000
NICANDRO GARCÍA K-6 (787) 872-5430 PO Box 8000, P.R. 00662-0000
NUEVA CEFERINA CORDERO K-6 (787) 872-0464 PO Box 951, P.R. 00662-0000
PARCELAS MORA GUERRERO PK-6 (787) 830-5780 PO Box 2243, P.R. 00662-0000
Intermediate
IRMA DELIZ DE MUÑOZ 7-9 (787) 872-4070 PO Box 560, P.R. 00662-0000
JOSÉ C. ROSARIO 7-9 (787) 830-2025 PO Box 8000, P.R. 00662-0000
LUIS MUÑOZ RIVERA 7-9 (787) 872-2388 PO Box 2076, P.R. 00662-2076
Secondary
SU JOSÉ A. VARGAS K-9 (787) 872-5650 PO Box 519, P.R. 00662-0000
High School
DR. HERIBERTO DOMENECH 10-12 (787) 830-2915 PO Box 540, P.R. 00662-0000
FRANCISCO MENDOZA 10-12 (787) 872-2275 PO Box 1776, P.R. 00662-1776

Hymn: By Adrián Augusto Alfaro (Cholo)

Isabela, permite que me inspire
en tu nombre que incita inspiración
deja que tus bellezas las admire
y le cante con todo el corazón.

Son tus playas hermosas
y tus mares fuente de gran pureza;
cristalinas y adornan tus orillas
las palmeras que abanican
con brisas tus colinas.

En tu historia de Coto y Guajataca
razas dan formación a
tu cultura ejemplificándose
en tu Mabodamaca indio,
firmeza, honor, clase y altura.

Tu Pozo de Jacinto
es leyenda tu nombre
San Antonio de la Tuna
tus gallos, tus quesitos, bellas prendas
Manuel Corchado y Juarbe, su cuna.

Isabela, déjame que me inspire
que me levante al cielo en oración
y que le pida a Dios,
que con bondad te mire
y que siempre te de,
su santa bendición.
Bendita Isabela, mi bello Jardín
mi bella Isabela, de mi corazón.

Events:
Isabelino Fighting Cock Festivities – February
Weave Festival – May
Patron Festivities – June
Inocent Saints Day – December

Places To Visit:
Brujo Well
Jobos Beach
Montones Beach
Sardinera Beach
Shacks Beach
San Antonio de la Tuna Ruins

Distinguished Citizens:
Manuel Corchado and Juarbe – Lawyer, abolitionist and writer.
Vicente Géigel Polanco – Lawyer, poet and politician.
Noel Estrada – Composer (biography)
Santiago Polanco Abréu – Legislator, resident commissioner in Washington, journalist and poet.

 


How to get to Isabela from San Juan.

direcction isabela