Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico
Foundation: Located along the shores of the historic Jacaguas river, Juana Díaz (HWAH-nah DEE ahz) started its life as a village in 1592, according to Fray Iñigo Abad y Lasierra. At that time no private property existed as such but farms were authorized by royal decree from the governing body in Coamo. Before 1582, this region was frequently attacked by fierce local Carribean indians known as the Caribe and many residents in the region died. Amongst them was the husband of Doña Juana Díaz. After her husband’s death she managed the cattle ranch, which was acquired by usufruct (the right to enjoy and profit from the property of another as long as it is not damaged). This ranch was called Jacaguas, named to honor the Taino “Cacique” Jacaguax. Doña Juana Díaz was the head of the family who worked this parcel of land of approximately 16 acres. The first businesses established in this region were breeding livestock and growing fruit trees. The land for these businesses was not part of Doña Juana Díaz’ ranch.
When the town of Juana Díaz was established as a municipality in 1798, Doña Juana Díaz had passed away and the residents no longer remembered her. Her name was kept because she was the first person to administer the ranch. By that time the town was known as the “Versailles de Ponce” because of its lush landscape, luxuriant trees and beautiful streams that flowed through the region. The attention of travelers was always drawn to their beautiful fountain. The parish was founded in March 1798. The civil government of this territory was established in April 25, 1798. Don Tiburcio Rodríguez was its first organizer. His descendants settled at Barrio Collores. By then, approximately 1,000 people lived in Juana Díaz. The barrios (districts) of this new municipality were:
- To the North – Lomas Guayabal, Villalba Arriba, Villalba Abajo, Hato Puerco, Arriba y Hato Puerco Abajo, Caonillas Arriba, Caonillas Abajo and Vacas
- To the South – Amuelas, Sabana Llana, Cintrona, Capitanejo.
- To the East – Tijeras, Río Cañas Arriba, Río Cañas Abajo, Emajagual.
- To the West – Jacaguas, Callabo, Collores.
During the 18th century Juana Díaz became a major producer of sugar cane and several mills were established to produce molasses and sugar. These mills were: La Luciana, Cristina, Ponceña, Serrano, Amelia, Potala, Cintrona and Ursula. By the turn of the century, as a result of the Hispanic-American War, Puerto Rico became part of the United States. The first mayor was Espartani Franceschi. In 1917, the municipality of Villalba was created and a number of barrios of Juana Díaz are now part of this new municipality. They are: Villalba Arriba, Villalba Abajo, Hato Puerco Arriba, Hato Puerco Abajo, Caonillas Arriba, Caonillas Abajo and Vacas.
Location: Located in the Southern coast of the Island, it borders north with Orocovis, Jayuya, Ciales and Villalba, south with the Caribbean Sea, west with Ponce and east with Coamo and Santa Isabel.
Area: 157.5 sq km / 60.6 sq mi
Population: 50,531 (census 2000)
Population Density: 313.81 per sq km / 818.2 per sq mi
People are known as: Juanadinos
Juana Díaz is also known as:
La Ciudad del Mabí (Mabí City)*
*Mabí is a delicious, refreshing fermented
Taíno beverage made out from the bark
of the mabi tree Colubrina elliptica (L’Her.) Brongn.
La Ciudad del Jacaguas (Jacaguas City)
El Belén de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico’s Bethlehem)
Wards: Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico
| Census 2000:|
Population by Wards – Juana Díaz
|Juana Díaz Town||4,555|
|Río Cañas Abajo||2,323|
|Río Cañas Arriba||2,332|
Source: Censo 2000
San Ramón Nonato
San Ramón Nonato Parish
Aptdo. 1426. Juana Díaz, P.R. 00795
Parish: Tel. 837-2193
Monday thru Friday – 7:00am y 7:00pm
Saturdays & Sundays – 7:00pm, 6:30am, 8:00am, 10:00am & 6:30pm
Topography: E Located in the Southern Coastal Plains its territory is mainly level. To the north it has some elevations such as the Cerro de las Cuevas that reaches about 638 meters (2,093 feet) and La Mesa and Agostinillo hills, about 580 meters (1,903 feet) high.
Hydrography: Juana Díaz is bathed by the Descalabrado river, the Inabón and its affluent Guayo, the Jacaguas and its affluent the Toa Vaca river, the Chorrera and Guanábana gorges and the Ponceña Lake.
Economy: At present, Juana Díaz is a major producer of high quality marble with four quarries. Fruit trees are grown on farms spanning the municipalities of Santa Isabel, Coamo, Juana Díaz and Ponce. The marble quarries also produce construction aggregates and by the turn of the century also produced manganese ore. Of all the sugar cane mills only the remains of Boca Chica still exist.
Average Salary: $251.70 weekly (1998)
Flag: The flag of Juana Díaz is rectangular in shape, formed by two triangles whose hypotenuse extends from the upper left corner to the lower right corner. The upper triangle is white, the symbol of silver and the lower triangle is yellow or gold. At its center is the coat of arms of Juana Díaz in its natural colors. Both the flag and coat of arms of Juana Díaz were officially adopted on April 25, 1978, the date of the 180th anniversary of the foundation of Juana Díaz.
- The Mountains – Thirteen mountains symbolizing each one of the thirteen districts of Juana Díaz. They also symbolize the mountains of the town, that have a great mineral wealth. Juana Díaz produces on a commercial scale marble of extraordinary purity and quality compared solely with the one of Carrara, Italy. It produces in addition manganese, plaster and limestone for construction.
- The Sun – It symbolizes a new horizon. Hope in the formation of a town. The sun has thirteen rays, each representing one of the districts of Juana Diaz.
- The Woman – Represents the name of the woman who gave orgin to the town, Doña Juana Díaz. The woman waters with her hand thirteen grains of maize on thirteen furrows; symbolizing the seed that germinated and gave birth for the formation and growth of our town.
- The Indian – Represents the natives who were settlers of the village at the arrival of the conquering whites. The Indian represents Chief Jacaquax; in whose honor our river is named. The native has on his back thirteen arrows and an arc and arrow on his head. The arc and the arrows represent the only useful means of defense or subsistence.
- The Harp and The Pen – The harp represents our music and the pen in the inkpot, the verse and the poetry. Juana Díaz has given generously to Puerto Rico, distinguished poets and writers among others: Luis Lloréns Torres, Tomás Carrión Maduro, Luis Felipe Dessús, Soledad Lloréns Torres, Mario Braschi, Cesáreo Rosa Nieves and Arturo Gómez Costas.
Juana Díaz District
|CARMEN FLORES||K-6||(787) 837-6221||PO Box 30060, P.R. 00795-0000|
|DR. PEDRO ALBIZU CAMPOS||K-3||(787) 260-0406||PO Box 1412, P.R. 00795-0000|
|FRANCISCO ZENÓN LAPORTE||K-3||(787) 260-0118||PO Box 932, P.R. 00795-0000|
|JOSÉ A. GONZÁLEZ||K-6||(787) 260-6326||HC 1 Box 30060, P.R. 00795-0000|
|JOSÉ J. RODRÍGUEZ||K-3||(787) 837-3027||PO Box 932, P.R. 00795-0000|
|JUAN RAYMUNDO GARCÍA||K-5||(787) 260-5932||PO Box 932, P.R. 00795-0000|
|JUAN SERAPIO MANGUAL||K-6||(787) 837-8515||PO Box 3501 Suite 276, P.R. 00795-0000|
|JUANITA RIVERA||K-5||(787) 260-2503||PO Box 932, P.R. 00795-0000|
|LUZ E. CORREA||K-6||(787) 260-0418||PO Box 3501 Suite 331, P.R. 00795-0000|
|MANUEL FERNÁNDEZ JUNCOS||PK-6||(787) 837-2249||PO Box 846, P.R. 00795-0000|
|RAMÓN ENRIQUE ORTIZ||K-5||(787) 260-4671||PO Box 1401, P.R. 00795-0000|
|ROSA M. ZAMBRANA||K-4||(787) 837-5276||PO Box 1401, P.R. 00795-0000|
|RUTHERFORD B. HAYES||4-6||(787) 837-2336||PO Box 1404, P.R. 00795-0000|
|SANTIAGO COLLAZO PÉREZ||4-6||(787) 837-6208||PO Box 1412, P.R. 00795-0000|
|FELIPE COLÓN DÍAZ||7-9||(787) 837-2365||PO Box 3500 Suite 155, P.R. 00795-0000|
|DR. MÁXIMO DONOSO SÁNCHEZ||7-12||(787) 260-4694||PO Box 1407, P.R. 00795-0000|
|LUIS MUÑOZ MARÍN||7-12||(787) 837-8151||PO Box 3501 Suite 274, P.R. 00795-0000|
|ESCUELA NUEVA BARRIO JACAGUAS||K-9||PO Box 1401, P.R. 00604-0000|
|SU SALVADOR BUSQUETS||K-9||(787) 260-1963||PO Box 1796, P.R. 00795-0000|
|SU TOMÁS CARRIÓN MADURO||K-9||(787) 837-0587||PO Box 3501327, P.R. 00795-0000|
|SU ZOILO GRACIA||K-9||(787) 837-0544||PO Box 6, P.R. 00780-0000|
|CARMEN BELÉN VEIGA||10-12||(787) 837-2435||PO Box 982, P.R. 00795-0000|
Hymn: By Prof. José Rafael Gilot
Juanadinos, alcemos las voces
en un himno para esta ciudad.
De poetas y atletas la cuna
y una historia que la hace inmortal.
Gloria a tí, Juana Díaz,
del Jacaguas jardín sin igual,
Gloria a tí, Juana Díaz,
tus blasones debemos honrar.
Juanadinos digámosle al mundo
nuestro suelo es todo esplendor.
Por su noble hidalguía de pueblo
lo bendijo la mano de Dios.
Three Kings Festival – January
Mabí Festival – March
Bull Frog Festival – April
Llorensiana Week – May
Patron Festivities San Ramón Nonato – September
Puertorrican Festivities – December
Places To Visit:
Efraín Daleccio Caves
Holy Kings monument
Mario Braschi – Journalist
Tomás Carrión Maduro – Journalist, poet and politician
Luis Lloréns Torres (1876- 1944) – Poet
Cesáreo Rosa Nieves – Writer