Maunabo, Puerto Rico – The Calm City
Foundation: Maunabo (mou-NAH-bo) was founded in 1779, according to historian Cayetano Coll y Toste. The origin of its name is related to Chief Manatuabón (although there are discrepancies about the existence of this chief) and the Manatuabón River, many times mistaken for the Grande de Manatí River. Maunabo’s first settlers were from neighboring Guayama that, once the Caribe Indians and the pirates disappeared, the settlement of this coastal region was initiated.
The parish of this municipality was organized in 1799 under the avocation of San Isidro Labrador. During the first decades of the last century the construction of the town had taken place already. The King’s House was concluded in 1825. Three years later Majagua, Palo Seco, Quebrada Arenas and Talante wards integrated the municipality. The Majagua ward takes its name from the “emajagua” tree with an archaism, since this word was no longer used, except in Cuba and other Hispano-American countries. During this period, the economy was based on the cultivation of coffee, tobacco, rice and fruits and sugar cane in a smaller scale. The population had surpassed 1,500 inhabitants.
Navigation was blooming in the Maunabo seas; in 1892 the Punta Tuna lighthouse was erected. On August 8, 1899 the population and the municipality underwent the fury of hurricane San Ciriaco, destroying almost all the houses and demolishing “La Bordalez” sugar refinery. The Columbia sugar refinery was built in 1901, that would be for many years a source of employment of first order.
In 1902 the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico approved the Law for the Consolidation of certain Municipal Terms by which the municipality of Maunabo was eliminated, transferring its civil servants and wards to Yabucoa. This situation remained until 1905, when a new law countermanded the previous one and restituted Maunabo to its condition of municipality, with the wards it had had in 1902. In 1928 hurricane San Felipe destroyed almost all the houses of the population, the Columbia sugar refinery, the catholic and protestant churches, and ruined in great part the agricultural wealth of the municipality
Location: Manaubo is located in the southeastern end of Puerto Rico. Bordering it are: Yabucoa to the north; Patillas and the Caribbean Sea to the south; again the Caribbean Sea to the east; and Patillas to the west.
Area: 54.0 sq km / 21.0 sq mi
Population: 12,741 (censo 2000)
Population Density: 235.9 per sq km / 606.7 per sq mi
People are known as: Maunabeño
Maunabo is also known as:
La Ciudad Tranquila (The Calm City)
Los Jueyeros (The Crabs)
Los Come Jueyes (The Crab Eaters)
Wards: Maunabo, Puerto Rico
| Census 2000:|
Population by Wards – Maunabo
Source: Censo 2000
San Isidro Labrador
San Isidro Labrador Parish
Maunabo, P.R. 00707
Topography: The limits of the Pandura Sierra run thru the north and the northeast region of this municipality, in which the Pandura and El Sombrerito hills, at the border with Yabucoa, are the highest elevations. With the exception of the before mentioned elevations, the rest of the territory of Maunabo is quite level. It’s for this reason that geographically it is considered part of the Southern Coastal Valley.
Hydrography: It is bathed by the Maunabo, Lachi rivers and several gorges, among them, the Coroco, De los Chinos, Tumbada, Talante, Arenas and the Emajagua. This last one is born in the ward of the same name; short in lenght that ends directly to the sea.
Climate: The average of rain for the municipality of Maunabo is around 80 inches per year, although there have been years in which only 3 inches have fallen. The average temperature is 78 degrees with a low of 68 degrees and a high of 88 degrees
Economy: Agriculture (cattle & vegetables) and fishing.
Average Salary: $263.00 weekly (1998)
Flag: Maunabo’s flag is composed of a green cloth crossed diagonally by a white stripe. In each corner of the two remaining green triangles, there are two yellow ox yokes. The ox yokes, as emblems of agriculture, represent San Isidro Labrador patron of Maunabo.
Coat Of Arms: In a silver field, an inverted green “V”, the upper portion also in green, with a silver lighthouse (a schematic and conventional representation of the lighthouse building of Maunabo) and two gold yokes lined in silver to its side. Toped with a silver three tower crown mural, outlined in black with green openings.
The main colors of the shield, silver and green, the colors of sugar cane in bloom, symbolize the main source of wealth of Maunabo since its foundation. The inverted “V” represent the two sierras, that protect the town of Maunabo; The Guardarraya Sierra and the Pandura Sierra. And finally, the ox yokes, as emblems of agriculture, symbolize San Isidro Labrador, patron of Maunabo.
|CALZADA||ELEMENTAL||(787) 861-3274||PO BOX 1079|
|ELEMENTAL URBANA||ELEMENTAL||(787) 861-5140||PO BOX 38|
|MATUYAS BAJO||ELEMENTAL||(787) 861-0456||PO BOX 1023|
|ALFONSO CASTA MARTÍNEZ||INTERMEDIO||(787) 861-3500||PO BOX 38|
|HIGINIO FIGUEROA VILLEGAS||SEGUNDA UNIDAD||(787) 861-2340||HC 1 BOX 7000|
|MANUEL ORTIZ SUYA||SEGUNDA UNIDAD||(787) 861-4600||PO BOX 38|
|ALFONSO CASTA MARTÍNEZ||SUPERIOR||(787) 861-2300||PO BOX 38|
Hymn: By Gilberto Martorell Hernández
Maunabo pueblito del sureste de mi amada patria Borinquén
Tus lunas llenas, y tu sol tus blancas nubes,
su arrebol eres Maunabo, un mismo Edén.
Tus palmeras abanican y saludan lisonjeras
al obrero o al viajero el paisaje brindarán.
Tus llanos verdes….que primor tu Mar Caribe….
que explendor al ser inspiran amar al Creador.
A ti Maunabo, cantaremos con el alma y emoción
y te amaremos con el corazón.
Pablo Ramírez Marathon – February
Sugar Cane Fiesta – April
Patron Celebrations – May
San Pedro Festival – June
San Isidro Labrador Festival – June
Crab Festival – September
Palo Seco Festival – November
Christmas Festival – December
Año Viejo Marathon – December 31
Places To Visit:
La Cueva del Indio (cavern)
Punta Tuna Beach
Luis Riefkoh – Administrator of the “Bordalez” hacienda
Benjamín Ortíz Ortíz – Lawyer, legislator and professor
Cruz Ortíz Stella – Lawyer, poet and legislator