Orocovis, Puerto Rico – Heart of Puerto Rico
Foundation: Before its foundation, Orocovis, with approximately 75 families (o-ro-KO-vis) was a ward (Barros) of Barranquitas. After the beginning of the last century the neighbors had made arrangements to found a town separate from the head of district. On May 25, 1825 the population empowered Don Juan de Rivera Santiago to request from the governing authorities approval to found a population center on the site of Barros. It is here where the pupulation of district bought fourteen acres of land from Doña Eulalia de Rivera, who then donated an additional acre, so that the inhabitants could erect the Mayorship and other municipal structures. But lamentably the location was not suitable for settlement because of the distance from the water sources that the settlers would need. For such reason the population asked the government for authorization to transfer the site to a place closer to water sources. The Governor, General Miguel de la Torre, granted the foundation of the new Barros municipality on November 10, 1825.
In 1838 the San Juan Bautista de Barros Parish was created, the same one was blessed and inaugurated October 29. In 1875 a great fire destroyed the church, the mayorship, the priest’s house and large number of houses of the population. In 1928 the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico approved a Joint Resolution by which the name of Barros was changed to Orocovis, name of the Taíno Chief Orocobix who governed this territory.
Location: Located in the area that is known as “The Heart of Puerto Rico”, it is bordered by: Ciales, Morovis and Corozal to the north; Juana Diaz, Villalba and Coamo to the south; Ciales to the west; and Barranquitas to the east.
Area: 163.8 sq km / 63.0 sq mi
Population: 23,844 (census 2000)
Population Density: 145.5 per sq km / 378.4 per sq mi
People are known as Orocoveños
Orocovis is also known as:
Corazón de Puerto Rico (Heart of Puerto Rico)
El Centro Geográfico de Puerto Rico (The Geographic Center of Puerto Rico)
Wards: Orocovis, Puerto Rico
| Census 2000:|
Population by Wards – Orocovis
|Ala de la Piedra||418|
|Mata de Cañas||487|
Source: Censo 2000
San Juan Bautista
San Juan Bautista Parish
PO Box 2114
Orocovis, Puerto Rico 00720-2114
Patron’s Day: June 24
Topography: Most of its terrain runs through the Central Mountain Range. The greater elevations are found in the south, between the limits of the municipality with Villalba and Coamo. Its highest elevation is the Mogote hill.
Hydrography: It is bathed by the Toro Negro, Sana Muertos, Orocovis, Matrullas, Bauta rivers and the Doña Juana, Palmar y Cacaos gorges among others. Its hydrographic system is made up of two dams or lakes: El Guineo Lake, which is formed in the channel of the Toro Negro river and the Matrullas Lake which is formed in the channel of the river of the same name, in the Bauta ward.
Economy: Agriculture: coffee, tobacco, fruits and cattle. It also has several small nutritional product industries and a electrical equipment factory.
Average Salary: $243.11 weekly (1998)
Flag: La bandera de Orocovis está formada por cinco franjas verticales, dispuestas de la siguiente forma:
- Two green at the ends
- A blue one in the center divided by two narrower stripes
The green stripes represent the territories of Aibonito and Barranquitas and the two small white stripes represent those portions of territory yielded by the municipalities of Barranquitas and Morovis for the formation of the Barros municipality, in 1825, that is the present municipality of Orocovis. The central blue strip represents the regional dominion Chief Orocobix, previous to the colonization. On this stripe appears an oval with seventeen rays that represent the territorial demarcations. The sun, like the central body of our planetary system, was chosen to symbolize the position of this municipality as the geographic center of Puerto Rico.
Coat Of Arms: The oval is symbol of the letter “o”, initial of the name of the town. In each quadrant appear representative elements of the town. In the left superior quadrant an Indian bust, symbol of the great “Chief Orocovix”, in silhouetted in gold on a silver-plated background. The Indian bust faces towards the star or sun that appears in the superior right quadrant, which is in gold on a blue background and represents the territorial municipality with its seventeen rays or demarcations. In the inferior quadrant a plantain plant is observed, silhouetted in gold on a silver-plated background. A bridge also silhouetted in gold on a blue background, above the river appears in the left inferior quadrant. The Indian represents the Taíno roots and the noble courage of its people. The sun is symbol of the municipality as the geographic center of the island of Puerto Rico. The plantain plant represents the main source of subsistence, the fecundity of the soil, the love for the land and the nature and work. The bridge is symbol of the hospitality, communication and friendship with the neighboring towns. It is also a main physical characteristic that distinguishes the municipality. The three tower gold crown above the shield, is symbol of the category that corresponds to the town.
The colors of the shield also have their meaning. The green represents the physical color of nature in the fields, it is symbol of the hope of progress and abundance that emanates of its soil. The blue symbolizes spiritual sincerity and nobility. The silver-plated and the gold are indicative of precious metals. They are symbols of the security and spiritual wealth that characterize the people. “Orocovis”, a town equipped with great human and spiritual values!
|ÁNGEL G. RIVERA||Elementary||(787) 867-5488||PO Box 1842|
|DAMIÁN ABAJO||Elementary||(787) 867-5466||PO Box 1842|
|NELIDA MELÉNDEZ MELÉNDEZ||Elementary||(787) 867-2840||PO Box 1605|
|ROMÁN DÍAZ AVILES||Elementary||(787) 867-0011||PO Box 1842|
|VISITACIÓN PAGÁN||Elementary||(787) 867-5383||PO Box 1693|
|GATO I||Intermediate||(787) 867-2410||PO Box 1693|
|ALBERTO MELÉNDEZ||Secondary||(787) 867-3353||PO Box 644|
|ANA DALILA BURGOS ORTIZ||Secondary||(787) 867-0106||PO Box 1841|
|BONIFACIO ALVARADO||Secondary||(787) 867-4633||PO Box 1202|
|PO Box 2115|
|BOTIJAS II||Secondary||(787) 867-0411||PO Box 136|
|MATRULLAS||Secondary||(787) 867-3966||PO Box 2115|
|SALTOS CABRAS||Secondary||(787) 867-4686||PO Box 1575|
|SANAMUERTOS||Secondary||(787) 867-1175||PO Box 2124|
|JOSÉ ROJAS CORTES||High School||(787) 867-2630||PO Box 2112|
Hymn: By Celestino Avilés, hijo
Mi patria es una bella isla
y Orocovis su corazón
y a ese pueblo que me dio la vida
hoy le canto con todo mi amor.
Rodeado de verdes montañas
vigilado por un árbol de mangó
centinela y fiel testigo de su historia,
de su gente, de su honra y su valor
Fue en tu suelo que nació
el gran Cacique Orocobix
y muchos hombres que le han
dado tanta gloria a mi país.
Y es por eso que hoy
doy gracias al Señor
de nacer en este suelo…
¡Que orgulloso estoy!
De poder levantar tu escudo
y tu bandera y gritar a donde vaya…
Infant Theater Festival – April
Patron Festivities – June
Shrimp Festival – July
Craft Fair – September
Youth Festival – October
Places To Visit:
Father Efraín Rodríguez Otero
Dr. Jenaro Collazo Collazo
Prof. Antonio Ortiz Hernández
Artesano Celestino Avilés
Rafael Santo Domingo
Pedro Orlando Torres