Yauco, Puerto Rico – Land of Coffee
Foundation: Yauco (YOU-ko), its etymological root comes from yucca. It was the well-known southeastern region known as Coayuco. This town already existed as a indigenous community long before the discovery of Puerto Rico. Yauco was the indigenous capital of the island of Borikén. Juan Ponce de León arrived to the island to explore and colonize it in 1508, entering thru the Guánica Bay. He went to the Coayuco region, seat of the main chief of the Island, named Agueybaná.
During 1755 the neighbors of this territory had already built a hermitage under the patronage of Nuestra Señora del Rosario (Our Lady of the Rosary) and maintained a chaplain to take care of its religious necessities. These neighbors empowered Fernando Pacheco to request from of the Government authorization to found a town. In January of 1755 Fernando Pacheco he presented to Crown the request of the neighbors. On February 29 of the following year the King authorized the foundation considering that a hermitage already existed, and counted on the services of chaplain, and lands had been already destined for municipal works. Pacheco was named First Lieutenant of the just created population. This happened under the government of the Commander Felipe de Estenós.
Location: Located in the southern coast, closer to the west, it borders north with Maricao, Lares and Adjuntas, south with the Caribbean Sea, west with Sabana Grande and Guánica and east with Guayanilla.
Area: 177.5 sq km / 68.3 sq mi
Population: 46,384 (census 2000)
Population Density: 261.3 per sq km / 679.1 per sq mi
People are known as: Yaucanos
Yauco is also known as:
El Pueblo del Café (Town of Coffee)
Capital Taína (Taino Capital)
Los Corsos (The Corsicans)
Wards: Yauco, Puerto Rico
| Census 2000:|
Population by Wards – Yauco
Source: Censo 2000
Virgen del Santísimo Rosario
Santísimo Rosario Parish
Yauco, P.R. 00698
Monday thru Friday – 7:00am, 12:00m y 7:30pm
Saturday – 7:00am y 7:30pm
Sundays – 7:00am, 8:30am, 10:00am y 7:30pm
Topography: It belongs to the municipalities of the Southern Coastal Plain, in addition its northern territory is located in the southern slopes of the Central Mountain Range; where great elevations can be found like Mount Membrillo, the Rodadero Peak and the Curet Hill.
Hydrography: It is watered by the Yauco, Loco, Chiquito, Naranjo and Duey rivers. The Grande, La Granja, Quebradas, Berrenchín, Grande, Fría, Mango Prieto andSusúa gorges. In the river basin of the Yauco river the Luchetti dam forms, it has an original capacity of 16,500 acres/foot. In the river basin of the Loco river the Loco dam forms, that originally had a capacity of 1,950 acres/foot.
Economy: Based on agriculture, mainly in the cultivation of coffee, for its excellent quality, it has world-wide fame; other agricultural products that are cultivated here are sugar cane, tobacco and fruits. Within the most important factories we emphasize, by the number of people employed, those that elaborate scientific instruments and nutritional products derived from the wheat flour.
Average Salary: $247.34 weekly (1998)
Flag: The flag of Yauco consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, green the superior and gold the inferior one. To the center the official shield of Yauco.
Coat Of Arms: Shield divided in quarters by a cross in the center that represents the Christendom. In the first aquarter, the shield of the Pacheco family, in honor to its founder and First Lieutenant don Fernando Pacheco. The description of the Pacheco family shield follows:
- In a silver field a gold and black boiler, with seven necks and heads of black serpents in each handle, three to the right hand, confronted with four to the left-hand side. Bordered by a checkered band in gold and black.
- The second and third quarter, in a field of gold, two coffee plant flowers of five leaves of silver and four red. The coffee plant flower and the coffee grains, represent their cultivation in the Yauco municipality.
- The border of the shield represents the beads of the rosary.
- The three tower crown, establishes its category of town.
|ALGARROBOS||Elementary||(787) 267-6662||HC 1 Box 6303|
|ALMACIGO ALTO I||Elementary||(787) 856-0458||PO Box 5005 PMB 039|
|ALMACIGO ALTO II||Elementary||(787) 856-2141||HC 2 Box 11623|
|ALMACIGO BAJO I Y BAJO II||Elementary||(787) 856-9028||PO Box 48|
|ARTURO LLUBERAS||Elementary||(787) 856-0613||PO Box 3049|
|BENICIA VÉLEZ||Elementary||(787) 856-6628||PO Box 48|
|CARMEN ESPADA||Elementary||(787) 856-7043||PO Box 5006 PMB 157|
|COLLORES I||Elementary||(787) 267-4984||PO Box 5006 PMB 157|
|BARRIO BARINES||Elementary||(787) 267-0033||PO Box 48|
|FERNANDO JULIA CALDER||Elementary||(787) 267-7953||HC 1 Box 6303|
|INÉS MA. MENDOZA||Elementary||(787) 856-7338||PO Box 5005 PMB 064|
|LENA M. FRANCESCH – RUBIAS KM 2||Elementary||(787) 267-3033||HC 1 Box 6614|
|LUIS MUÑOZ RIVERA||Elementary||(787) 856-1370||PO Box 48|
|PALOMAS||Elementary||(787) 856-3635||PO Box 2208|
|PATRIA PÉREZ||Elementary||(787) 856-1440||PO Box 5294|
|QUEBRADAS||Elementary||(787) 856-1003||PO Box 48|
|SANTA CATALINA||Elementary||(787) 856-0100||PO Box 229|
|SANTIAGO NEGRONI||Elementary||(787) 856-1830||PO Box 1860|
|SIERRA ALTA||ELEMENTAL||(787) 856-8922||G9 Calle Gladiola|
|ELVIRA VICENTE||INTERMEDIO||(787) 856-1394||PO Box 48|
|ERNESTO RAMOS ANTONINI||Intermediate||(787) 856-1325||PO Box 48|
|JOSÉ ONOFRE TORRES||Intermediate||(787) 856-2143||PO Box 48|
|VEGAS||Intermediate||(787) 267-3033||PO Box 6414|
|RAFAEL MARTÍNEZ NADAL||Second Unit||(787) 856-1390||MSC 1203|
|ANA MARÍA NEGRÓN||Second Unit||(787) 856-4020||PO Box 48|
|JAIME CASTAÑER||Second Unit||(787) 856-2329||HC 1 Box 7639|
|LUIS MUÑOZ MARÍN||High School||(787) 856-2144||PO Box 3069|
|VOCACIONAL SANTIAGO GARCÍA||High School||(787) 856-1904||PO Box 5004|
Hymn: By M. Ramos Antonmattei
Pueblo de gestas gloriosas
es Yauco ciudad cafetal
sus hijos le escriben la historia
con cantos de gloria inmortal./p>
Por eso mi pueblo querido
tu emblema y noble pendón
serán por siempre tenidos
en alto con honra y honor./p>
Tus valles y tus montañas
son ricas en caña y café
tus hijos con amor trabajan
la tierra que les vio nacer./p>
Por eso mi Yauco querido
te canto con gran emoción
tu corazón se ha prendido
muy dentro de mi corazón./p>
National Coffee Festival – February
Patron Festivities – October
Places To Visit:
Nuestra Señora del Rosario Hermitage Ruins
Loida Figueroa – Poet, historian & novelist.
Francisco Lluch Mora – Poet
Amaury Veray – Composer