Guayanilla, Puerto Rico

Guayanilla, Puerto Rico

Agüeybaná’s Land

guayanilla playa ventana
Ventana Beach, Guayanilla, Puerto Rico

Guayanilla (gwah-yah-NEE-yah) is known as the “Land of Agüeybaná” and the “Fishermen’s Village” and its residents are known as the “mare riders.” The patron saint of Guayanilla is the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception.

This zone is considered one of the most important tropical marine areas in the Caribbean. It is bordered on the north by the municipality of Adjuntas, on the east by Peñuelas, on the south by the Caribbean Sea and on the west by the municipality of Yauco. Geographically, it is part of the western region of the southern coastal plain. To the north, on its border with Adjuntas, the region is mountainous.

Previously, the economy of Guayanilla depended on growing and processing sugar cane. Later, this was replaced by industries such as petrochemicals. Today, the municipality has a variety of small factories.

Foundation:

The origins of Guayanilla goes back to 1756 when Yauco was founded as a town. Guayanilla was then a ward of Yauco. Guayanilla was growing quickly because of its location in very fertile lands and also had the port where all local commerce was being carried out. Because of the fertile lands and the port, Guayanilla became an important progressive agricultural center.

Guayanilla was officially founded by order of Governor Miguel de la Torre on February 27, 1833. Among its founders were Catalans, Venezuelans, French and Creole. The Spaniards gave it the name of Guadianilla in memory of the river of the same name in Spain. Soon it was changed to Guayanilla, this was more of a “native” word that existed in the Taino dialect.

Location:

mapa guayanillaLocated in the southern coast, towards the west, it is bordered by: Adjuntas to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the south, Peñuelas to the east, and Yauco to the west.

Area: :

109.7 kilometros cuadrados / 42.2 millas cuadradas

Population:

23,072 (census 2000)

Population Density:

210.3 per sq km / 546.7 per sq mi

People are known as:

Guayanillenses

Guayanilla is also known as:

Tierra de Agüeybaná (Agüeybaná’s Land)
Los Corre En Yegua (The Mare Riders)
La Villa de los Pescadores (Fisherman’s Villa)

Wards: Guayanilla, Puerto Rico

barrios guayanilla

Census 2000:
Population by Wards – Guayanilla
Habitants
Barrero 1,033
Boca 1,263
Cedro 14
Consejo 883
Guayanilla Pueblo 4,832
Indios 2,339
Jagua Pasto 162
Jaguas 1,276
Llano 841
Macaná 1,446
Magas 3,465
Pasto 360
Playa 1,317
Quebrada Honda 446
Quebradas 2,609
Rufina 210
Sierra Baja 576
Total 23,072

Source: Censo 2000

Patron:

La Inmaculada Concepción
PO Box 560573
Guayanilla, Puerto Rico 00656-0573

Monday – Friday: 7:00 am, 7:00 pm
Saturday: 7:00 pm,
Sunday 7:30 am, 9:00 am, 10:30 am y 7:00 pm
Tel. 787-835-3035 – 787-835-3082

Topography:

The Central Mountain range borders Guayanilla on the north with elevations that reach 1,000 meters. In the central region the terrain descends remarkably to elevations that do not exceed 430 meters all the way down to the coastal plain where the elevations do not reach 290 meters above sea level.

Hydrography:

Guayanilla, Macaná and Yauco rivers. The Yauco River briefly runs through the Boca ward and ends at the port of Guayanilla, where some marshlands can be found.

Economy:

Manufacture (chemicals).

Average Salary:

$334.72 weekly (1998)

Flag:

guayanilla banderaThe flag of Guayanilla shows the main colors of the Coat Of Arms. It has three horizontal stripes of equal width: an upper on of white, a center one of yellow, and the lower one of green.

Coat Of Arms:

guayanilla escudo The Coat of Arms consists of a quartered shield. The first and fourth quarters contain in a green field a hermitage accompanied with two houses, one on each side of the hermitage, all in silver. The openings are highlighted in red. The hermitage of the first quarter is accompanied by a silver star with eight rays. The second and third quarters contain a silver field, with a green lion. The lion of the second quarter holds in its right hand a red flower. In the fourth, a lion holds in both hands a red arrow pointing up. In the center resides a small red shield with a five-pointed crown in gold. Below the small shield is located a blue anchor. At the top a three-tower crown in gold, outlined in black and the openings highlighted in green. The Coat Of Arms may be placed between two sugar cane stems, with its two green leaves crossed at the bottom and drawn in the conventional heraldic way.

The hermitage and the houses represent a primitive Christian town of Puerto Rico, specifically the one of Santa Maria de Guadianilla or San Germán el Nuevo, that were was established in the margins of the Guayanilla River, in the middle of the sixteenth century. The star symbolizes Our Lady; La Inmaculada Concepción, patron of the population, and the waved stripe, the river.

The repetition of this subject, without the star, in the last quarter, alludes to the second foundation of Guayanilla, in 1833. The lion is taken, with alteration of its colors, from the shield of Ortíz de Almendralejo, Extremadura, a region where Don Rodrigo Ortíz Vélez came from, mayor and defender of Santa Maria de Guadianilla, and founder of San Germán de las Lomas de Santa Marta, a place where the primitive population was transferred during 1570. It represents, in addition, the value and the intrepidity whereupon Don Rodrigo and his men defended the town against two attacks and attempts of invasion: One by French Corsairs and another one by Caribbean Indians. The first victory is symbolized by the lily flower and the second by the arrow, which in this case represent the battles.

The old crown, in the small red shield in the center, represents Cacique Agüeybaná, main monarch of the Tainos of Borinquen, whose yucayeque was located in the Guianía region, where today Guánica, Yauco and Guayanilla are located. The blue anchor in a gold field, symbolizes the beach and the port of Guayanilla. The crown is standard upon municipal shields and symbol of the unity that must characterize the inhabitants of a population or municipality united in its defense of its autonomy, conservation of its historical traditions and promotion of the communal well being.

The sugar cane stems indicate that Guayanilla is located in a sugar cane zone and the importance that the sugar industry has had in the history of the town.

Events:

  • Youth Festival – May
  • Beach Festival – May
  • Cross Festival – May
  • Shore Fishing Festival and Triathlon – June
  • Virgen del Carmen Festival – June
  • Seafood Festival – June
  • Farazo Festival – July
  • Town Carnival – July
  • International Women’s Marathon – November
  • Patron Saint Festival – December

Places To Visit:

Castillo Mario Mercado
Castle Mario Mercado
  • Mario Mercado Castle
  • Gold Falls
  • El Convento Spring Caves
  • Guilarte Forest
  • Emajagua Beach
  • La Ventana Beach
  • Tamarindo Beach
  • Ruins of the San Francisco Central Sugar Mill

Distinguished Citizens: 

  • Bolívar Pagán Lucca – Journalist, essayist, historiographer, senator and resident commissioner in Washington. He was a member of the island’s Board of Elections and the Public Service Commission; senator for the Socialist Party on three occasions (1933, 1944 and 1948); vice president of the senate and resident commissioner in Washington (1939-1945).
  • Sergio Romanacce – Journalist, member of the International Academy of History in Paris and the Hispano-American Academy in Cádiz.
  • Paula Collazo de Carranza (Poliana) – Poet and journalist and wife of Mexican poet and journalist Joaquín Carranza. She developed her poetry in the United States, where she emigrated with her family.
  • Jaime Ruíz Escobar – Playwright and poet.
  • Myrna Rodríguez – Painter and art critic. Has taught at Inter-American University and was an art critic for the now defunct daily newspaper The San Juan Star.

Public Schools sorted by educational levels.

San Germán Region
Guayanilla District

Name Level Telephone Address
Elementary
CONSEJO K-6 (787) 835-5002 PO Box 560250, P.R. 00656-0000
CONSUELO FELICIANO NEGRÓN K-6 (787) 835-7451 PO Box 560519, P.R. 00656-0000
DALILA TORRES PK-3 (787) 835-2145 PO Box 560490, P.R. 00656-0490
FRANCISCO RODRÍGUEZ LÓPEZ K-6 (787) 835-2770 PO Box 560575, P.R. 00698-0575
HIPÓLITO GARCÍA K-6 (787) 835-3815 PO Box 560546, P.R. 00658-0000
PADRE NAZARIO K-3 (787) 835-2280 PO Box 560490, P.R. 00656-0490
QUEBRADAS K-6 (787) 835-2500 PO Box 560250, P.R. 00658-0000
ZOILO FERRERO K-6 (787) 835-2610 PO Box 560085, P.R. 00656-0085
Intermediate
ARÍSTIDES CALES QUIRÓS 7-9 (787) 835-2985 PO Box 560357, P.R. 00656-0000
Secondary
SU MACANA K-9 (787) 835-0401 PO Box 560510, P.R. 00656-0000
High School
ASUNCIÓN RODRÍGUEZ DE SALA 10-12 (787) 835-2030 PO Box 560459, P.R. 00656-0000

Hymn:

By: Néstor Cora Vera

Guayanillenses, cantemos unidos
un himno sentido al querido rincón,
recordando gestos y proezas
que dan testimonio de su valor
con el dulce nombre de Santa María,
la colonia un día tiendas levantó,
con valor y arrojo frente ataques fieros,
logramos el triunfo sobre el invasor.

Con Pacheco al mando, tus veinte lanceros
a los holandeses lograron vencer.

Por eso tus hijos, ante el sino adverso,
se yerguen valientes sin retroceder.
Guayanilla, pueblo nuestro,
del alma recia dispuesta a luchar,
con fe y temple mirando al futuro,
en pos de progreso, bienestar y paz.

Guayanillenses, cantemos unidos
un himno sentido al querido rincón,
recordando gestos y proezas
que dan testimonio de su valor
con el dulce nombre de Santa María,
la colonia un día tiendas levantó,
con valor y arrojo frente ataques fieros,
logramos el triunfo sobre el invasor.

Con Pacheco al mando, tus veinte lanceros
a los Holandeses lograron vencer.

Por eso tus hijos, ante el sino adverso,
se yerguen valientes sin retroceder.
Guayanilla, pueblo nuestro,
del alma recia dispuesta a luchar,
con fe y temple mirando al futuro,
en pos de progreso, bienestar y paz.

How to get to Guayanilla from San Juan.

direction guayanilla

 

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