Yauco, Puerto Rico

Yauco, Puerto Rico

Land of Coffee

yauco cafeYauco (YOU-ko) is known as the “Coffee Town,” the “Taino Capital,” and the “Town of Corsicans.” Its patron saint is the Virgen del Santísimo Rosario. Its name comes from the Taino word Coayú or Coayuco, which was used to identify the region and is related etymologically to the word yuca or cassava.

Yauco is bordered on the north by the municipalities of Maricao, Lares and Adjuntas, on the east by Guayanilla, on the west by Guánica and Sabana Grande and on the south by the Caribbean Sea. The municipality is part of the southern coastal plain. Although the northern zone of the municipality extends to the southern slopes of the central mountain range. The municipality’s highest elevations are located in this areas: mount Membrillo, Rodadero peak and the Curet peak. Part of the mountainous territory of Yauco falls within the Guilarte and Susúa forests.

The economy of Yauco is based on agriculture, especially its coffee, which is recognized worldwide. Tobacco, sugar cane and fruits are also grown. Also operating in the municipality are several factories that manufacture scientific instruments and food products made from flour.

Foundation:

Yauco, its etymological root comes from yucca. It was the well-known southeastern region known as Coayuco. This town already existed as a indigenous community long before the discovery of Puerto Rico. Yauco was the indigenous capital of the island of Borikén. Juan Ponce de León arrived to the island to explore and colonize it in 1508, entering thru the Guánica Bay. He went to the Coayuco region, seat of the main chief of the Island, named Agueybaná.

During 1755 the neighbors of this territory had already built a hermitage under the patronage of Nuestra Señora del Rosario (Our Lady of the Rosary) and maintained a chaplain to take care of its religious necessities. These neighbors empowered Fernando Pacheco to request from of the Government authorization to found a town. In January of 1755 Fernando Pacheco presented to Spanish Crown the request of the neighbors. On February 29 of the following year, the Spanish crown authorized the founding. It was then that plans were drawn for the main buildings, such as the town hall, the church, the plaza and streets. Pacheco became the first mayor.

After the Real Cédula de Gracia order of 1815, the population of Yauco prospered notably, thanks to the production of cotton, sugar and coffee. The many Corsican immigrants who arrived in the mountainous area of the southwestern part of the island dedicated themselves to agriculture. Cultivation of coffee in Yauco originally began in the Rancheras and Diego Hernández sectors and later extended to the Aguas Blancas, Frailes and Rubias sectors.

The “last cry of rebellion” against the Spanish government was raised in Yauco. On March 24, 1897, about sixty insurrectionists, under the command of Fidel Vélez, took up arms against the colonial regime. Other leaders of the revolt were Manuel Catalá, Antonio Mattei Lluveras and Agustín Morales. They attempted to seize the city hall and raise a Puerto Rican flag sewn by the wife of Fidel Vélez. Many of these leaders were arrested and imprisoned in El Morro.

Location:

mapa yaucoLocated in the southern coast, closer to the west, it borders north with Maricao, Lares and Adjuntas, south with the Caribbean Sea, west with Sabana Grande and Guánica and east with Guayanilla.

Area:

177.5 sq km / 68.3 sq mi

Population:

46,384 (census 2000)

Population Density:

261.3 per sq km / 679.1 per sq mi

People are known as:

Yaucanos

Yauco is also known as:

El Pueblo del Café (Town of Coffee)
Capital Taína (Taino Capital)
Los Corsos (The Corsicans)

Wards: Yauco, Puerto Rico

barrios yauco

Census 2000:
Population by Wards – Yauco
Habitants
Aguas Blancas 316
Algarrobo 483
Almácigo Alto 1,905
Almácigo Bajo 4,986
Barina 5,726
Caimito 647
Collores 971
Diego Hernández 1,645
Duey 1,412
Frailes 205
Jácana 1,969
Naranjo 699
Quebradas 836
Ranchera 564
Río Prieto 783
Rubias 294
Sierra Alta 1,119
Susúa Alta 4,069
Susúa Baja 13,319
Vegas 178
Yauco Town 4,258
Total 46,384

Source: Censo 2000

yauco iglesia
Santísimo Rosario Parish

Patron:

Virgen del Santísimo Rosario
Santísimo Rosario Parish
Apartado 46
Yauco, P.R. 00698
(787) 856-1222
Mass Scheduled:
Monday thru Friday – 7:00am, 12:00m y 7:30pm
Saturday – 7:00am y 7:30pm
Sundays – 7:00am, 8:30am, 10:00am y 7:30pm

Topography:

It belongs to the municipalities of the Southern Coastal Plain, in addition its northern territory is located in the southern slopes of the Central Mountain Range; where great elevations can be found like Mount Membrillo, the Rodadero Peak and the Curet Hill.

Hydrography:

It is watered by the Yauco, Loco, Chiquito, Naranjo and Duey rivers. The Grande, La Granja, Quebradas, Berrenchín, Grande, Fría, Mango Prieto andSusúa gorges. In the river basin of the Yauco river the Luchetti dam forms, it has an original capacity of 16,500 acres/foot. In the river basin of the Loco river the Loco dam forms, that originally had a capacity of 1,950 acres/foot.

Economy:

Based on agriculture, mainly in the cultivation of coffee, for its excellent quality, it has world-wide fame; other agricultural products that are cultivated here are sugar cane, tobacco and fruits. Within the most important factories we emphasize, by the number of people employed, those that elaborate scientific instruments and nutritional products derived from the wheat flour.

Average Salary:

$247.34 weekly (1998)

Flag:

yauco banderaThe flag of Yauco consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, green the superior and gold the inferior one. To the center the official shield of Yauco.

Coat Of Arms:

yauco escudoShield divided in quarters by a cross in the center that represents the Christendom. In the first aquarter, the shield of the Pacheco family, in honor to its founder and First Lieutenant don Fernando Pacheco. The description of the Pacheco family shield follows:

  • In a silver field a gold and black boiler, with seven necks and heads of black serpents in each handle, three to the right hand, confronted with four to the left-hand side. Bordered by a checkered band in gold and black.
  • The second and third quarter, in a field of gold, two coffee plant flowers of five leaves of silver and four red. The coffee plant flower and the coffee grains, represent their cultivation in the Yauco municipality.
  • The border of the shield represents the beads of the rosary.
  • The three tower crown, establishes its category of town.

Events:

  • Coffee Festival – February
  • Patron Saint Festival – October
  • Christmas Festival – December

Places To Visit:

  • Agre House
  • Cesari House
  • Lake Luchetti
  • Lake Vegas
  • Ruins of Nuestra Señora del Rosario Chapel
  • Ideal Theater
  • Tozza Castle

Distinguished Citizens: 

  • Loida Figueroa – Poet, historian and novelist of the mid-20th century.
  • Francisco Lluch Mora – Poet and essayist. Wrote Canto a Yauco and Canto a Eugenio María de Hostos, among other poems, along with prose. Was selected Humanist of the year 1994 by the Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades.
  • Ismael Vélez – Internationally recognized scientific researcher and botanist.
  • Amaury Veray – Composer from the nationalist period of Puerto Rican music. He wrote the Christmas classic called “Villancico yaucano.”

Public Schools sorted by educational levels.

Yauco Distict

Name Level Telephone Address
ALGARROBOS Elementary (787) 267-6662 HC 1 Box 6303
ALMACIGO ALTO I Elementary (787) 856-0458 PO Box 5005 PMB 039
ALMACIGO ALTO II Elementary (787) 856-2141 HC 2 Box 11623
ALMACIGO BAJO I Y BAJO II Elementary (787) 856-9028 PO Box 48
ARTURO LLUBERAS Elementary (787) 856-0613 PO Box 3049
BENICIA VÉLEZ Elementary (787) 856-6628 PO Box 48
CARMEN ESPADA Elementary (787) 856-7043 PO Box 5006 PMB 157
COLLORES I Elementary (787) 267-4984 PO Box 5006 PMB 157
BARRIO BARINES Elementary (787) 267-0033 PO Box 48
FERNANDO JULIA CALDER Elementary (787) 267-7953 HC 1 Box 6303
INÉS MA. MENDOZA Elementary (787) 856-7338 PO Box 5005 PMB 064
LENA M. FRANCESCH – RUBIAS KM 2 Elementary (787) 267-3033 HC 1 Box 6614
LUIS MUÑOZ RIVERA Elementary (787) 856-1370 PO Box 48
PALOMAS Elementary (787) 856-3635 PO Box 2208
PATRIA PÉREZ Elementary (787) 856-1440 PO Box 5294
QUEBRADAS Elementary (787) 856-1003 PO Box 48
SANTA CATALINA Elementary (787) 856-0100 PO Box 229
SANTIAGO NEGRONI Elementary (787) 856-1830 PO Box 1860
SIERRA ALTA ELEMENTAL (787) 856-8922 G9 Calle Gladiola
ELVIRA VICENTE INTERMEDIO (787) 856-1394 PO Box 48
ERNESTO RAMOS ANTONINI Intermediate (787) 856-1325 PO Box 48
JOSÉ ONOFRE TORRES Intermediate (787) 856-2143 PO Box 48
VEGAS Intermediate (787) 267-3033 PO Box 6414
RAFAEL MARTÍNEZ NADAL Second Unit (787) 856-1390 MSC 1203
ANA MARÍA NEGRÓN Second Unit (787) 856-4020 PO Box 48
JAIME CASTAÑER Second Unit (787) 856-2329 HC 1 Box 7639
LUIS MUÑOZ MARÍN High School (787) 856-2144 PO Box 3069
VOCACIONAL SANTIAGO GARCÍA High School (787) 856-1904 PO Box 5004

Hymn:

By M. Ramos Antonmattei

Pueblo de gestas gloriosas
es Yauco ciudad cafetal
sus hijos le escriben la historia
con cantos de gloria inmortal.

Por eso mi pueblo querido
tu emblema y noble pendón
serán por siempre tenidos
en alto con honra y honor.

Tus valles y tus montañas
son ricas en caña y café
tus hijos con amor trabajan
la tierra que les vio nacer.

Por eso mi Yauco querido
te canto con gran emoción
tu corazón se ha prendido
muy dentro de mi corazón.

How to get to Yauco from San Juan.

direction yauco

 

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