Island of Enchantment
Puerto Rico is a fascinating island full of history, culture, and natural beauty. Located in the eastern Caribbean, Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States. The island has a land area of 8,870 square kilometers and a population of about 3.2 million people. The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan, a vibrant and historic city.
Puerto Rico is a land of great geographic diversity. It has forested mountains, white-sand beaches with crystal-clear waters, and fertile valleys. The island is also home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including iguanas, parrots, and coquíes.
Puerto Rico is a popular tourist destination, and for good reason. The island offers a wide variety of activities for visitors, including hiking, swimming, diving, fishing, and sightseeing. Puerto Rico also has a rich culture and cuisine, which is reflected in its music, dance, and food.
Puerto Rico was inhabited by the Taínos, an indigenous people, before the arrival of Europeans. In 1493, Christopher Columbus arrived in Puerto Rico and claimed the island for Spain. The Spanish ruled Puerto Rico for over 400 years. During this time, the island was used as a strategic military outpost and as a source of natural resources.
In 1898, Puerto Rico became a possession of the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War. The island became an unincorporated territory of the United States in 1917.
Puerto Rican culture is a mix of European, African, and Taíno influences. The island is known for its music, food, and dance. The official language of Puerto Rico is Spanish, but English is also widely spoken.
Puerto Rico is a mountainous island with a coastline of 500 kilometers long. The island has a tropical climate, with warm temperatures year-round. Puerto Rico is home to a wide variety of plants and animals, including the coquí, a small frog that is the national symbol of the island.
The island is divided into 78 municipalities. The capital, San Juan, is the most populous municipality and the economic and cultural center of the island.
Approximately 100 by 35 miles (160 by 56 km).
With an average temperature of 83 ° F (22.7 ° C) in the winter and 85 ° F (29.4 ° C) in the summer, the island’s climate is the closest to a timeless and perfect holiday. In other words, it’s always summer in Puerto Rico!
The trade winds cool the coastal towns and the temperature descends the more it climbs towards the mountains.
Puerto Rico is in the time zone of the Atlantic and does not observe the change of time in the winter (Daylight Savings Time). The Island uses electric voltage equal to that of the United States. European appliances require an adapter kit.
3,725,789 (censo 2010)
The population density exceeds 407.15 hab / km, which makes the island as the most densely populated of the Greater Antilles; Likewise, it has one of the largest human settlements in the world. The most densely populated areas are the coasts and the metropolitan area of San Juan, where the density reaches 1,983,45 hab./km.
Spanish and English are the official languages, but Spanish is without a doubt the dominant language. English is spoken by about 1/4 of the population-with limited capabilities. English is required in all federal matters. English is spoken in all major tourist areas (%80 Spanish, %20 other).
The local currency is the US dollar.
There are no customs duties on articles bought in Puerto Rico and taken to the U.S. mainland. Major credit cards are accepted at most businesses, and ATMs connected to major US and international networks are easy to find.
Business hours are similar to those on the mainland, 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM weekdays (the siesta has pretty much disappeared). Most stores are open Saturdays, and all of the larger towns have shopping malls that are open evenings and Sundays.
“Atlantic Standard Time” (AST).
An hour later that “U.S. Eastern Standard Time (EST) from October to April, and same as the” Eastern Daylight Saving Time from April to October.
Democratic elections every four years. Three Branches of Government. Governor and his Constitutional Cabinet make up the Executive, the Legislative System is Bicameral and the Judicial Branch.
Puerto Rico officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an unincorporated US territory with self-governing status.
People are Also Known as Boricuas:
Puerto Ricans call themselves “boricuas”. The name “boricua” comes from the word “borinquén”, which was the name that the Taínos, the native indigenous people of Puerto Rico, gave to their island.
Boricua culture is a living and vibrant culture that is constantly evolving. It is a culture that is unique and special, and that reflects the rich history and diversity of Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico is also known as:
The island of Enchantment
Pearl of the Caribbean
Municipalities: Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico, Towns, Multiplicities and their Facts...
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Puerto Rico Beaches
Coasts of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico is a tourist destination with a long tradition. Many tourists come annually to discover a wonderful place where they spend a few dream days. One of its most important aspects is the exceptional beauty of its beaches, considered one of the most beautiful in the world. In Puerto Rico, there are more than 270 miles of coastline that translates to almost 300 beaches to choose from.
Historic Sites and Landmarks in Puerto Rico
A View of the Island’s History and Culture
Puerto Rico is a beautiful island with a rich history dating back centuries. The island is home to many historical sites and monuments that offer a glimpse into its past. It is a truly stunning island with many excellent natural features, charming towns and cities, and a rich cultural heritage.
Visitors to this friendly island and the nearby smaller islands can enjoy wonderful sightseeing tours that explore areas of historical and natural splendor. Puerto Rico’s wonderful landscape is also ideal for numerous outdoor activities.
Whether you are interested in learning about the island’s history or simply enjoying its beauty, you are sure to find something that interests you in Puerto Rico. Here are just a few of the many historical sites and monuments in Puerto Rico.
Here are some of the most popular historical sites and monuments in Puerto Rico:
Puerto Rico Food Trails and Culinary Adventures
Exploring Puerto Rico’s Culinary Scene
Puerto Rico stands as a premier culinary destination, boasting a rich and diverse cuisine that mirrors its unique heritage. From traditional dishes like mofongo and pastelón to modern renditions of Caribbean cooking, there is something to satiate every palate.
The island’s gastronomic routes offer a distinctive way to delve into this cuisine and learn about Puerto Rican culture and lifestyle. One of the most popular ways to experience Puerto Rican food is through a “chinchorreo.” This local tradition involves hopping from bar to bar and restaurant to restaurant, relishing drinks, food, and perhaps even some dancing. It’s a fun and festive way to experience the best of Puerto Rican cuisine and culture.
For those eager to explore the finest of Puerto Rican cuisine, several gastronomic trails and culinary adventures await. Here are some of the most popular itineraries:
The flag of Puerto Rico consists of five horizontal stripes, three red and two alternating white and superimposed on the strips a blue equilateral triangle, one of whose sides forms the end of the flag next to the flagpole. The color of the triangle is blue. A white five-pointed star is placed over the triangle, placed in such a way that one of its points points upwards.
The flag symbolizes the brotherhood in the revolutionary struggle between the Cuban and the Puerto Rican people, due to the fact that the Puerto Rican separatist group that adopted the design of the flag as emblem of their group, the Section of Puerto Rico, was associated with The Cuban separatists who fought with identical ideals under the Cuban Revolutionary Party. This flag was raised for the first time during La Atententona de Yauco in 1897, when Puerto Rico was still under Spanish domination.
The flag was officially adopted by the Commonwealth in 1952. According to the government, the star is a symbol of the Commonwealth and rests on a blue triangle that in its three angles evokes the integrity of the republican form of government represented by three powers: The legislative, the executive and the judicial. The three red stripes symbolize the vital blood that nourishes those three powers of Government, which perform independent and separate functions. The freedom of the individual and the rights of man keep the powers in balance and his essential mission represents two white stripes.
Coat of arms:
The shield is straight on its top and on both sides ends obliquely at its base its center is green and from it come seven red ribbons with silver seals. The lamb as a religious symbol is associated with Jesus and the red book with the New Testament. The lamb holds a white flag with a printed red cross, ending at the top with a weather vane. At the top of the shield is written the following message “Joannnes sta nomen eius” which means John is your name. Both the banner and the Bible citation are associated with St. John the Baptist, the prophet who announced the arrival of Jesus whose story and message is recorded in the New Testament book.
The shield completes a border or border composed of 16 squares where they are ordered and repeated castles, lions, flags, and crosses. The castles represent the kingdom of Castile, the lions the kingdom of Leon; The flags the kingdoms of Castile and Leon, and the crosses to Jerusalem.
On the sides and outside of the shield and the border are the letters “F” and “Y” with their crowns, yokes and arrows. The “F” symbolizes Fernando, King Consort of the Queen of Castile. The yoke below the letter symbolizes the union of several Hispanic kingdoms or nations. The “Y” to the Queen of Castile, Isabel I and the arrows under the letter the conquest of lands known as the West Indies. At the top of the shield is a crown. This symbolizes the royalty of those who granted the shield to Puerto Rico.
Meaning of its parts:
- The color green means the fertility of our land.
- The lamb – according to the depiction of Catholic images, the Lamb represents Jesus Christ.
- The flag represents peace among men.
- The book represents the gospel.
- The letters F and Y- represent the names of the Kings of Spain Fernando and Isabel.
- The yugo- represents Castile, most important kingdom of that time.
- The arrows – are the symbol of the strength and power of the kingdom of Castile.
- The crown – is a badge of sovereignty.
- The inscription – John is his name, remembers the fact that Columbus baptized us with the name of Saint John the Baptist.
- Lions, castles, flags crosses – represent the government of Spain in Puero Rico.
It was born of a dance written by the Catalan Felix Astol Artés in the year 1867. Many affirm that it was the sangermeño Francisco Ramírez Ortíz who wrote the melody, but there is no official document that points to him like the author of the same one. A year later, the poet Lola Rodriguez de Tio wrote the Revolutionary letter, related to the political era that was lived in the Island. In 1901, Manuel Fernádez Juncos writes a new version that is what we know today, while Francisco Ramírez Ortiz writes the music.
The musical and official arrangement of the Hymn of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is made by Ramón Collado in 1952. It was first interpreted as Official Hymn on July 25, 1952, in the acts of the Proclamation of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
La tierra de Borinquen
donde he nacido yo.
Es un jardín florido
de mágico esplendor.
Un cielo siempre nítido
le sirve de dosel.
Y dan arrullos plácidos
las olas a sus pies.
Cuando a sus playas llego Colón,
exclamó lleno de admiración:
Oh! Oh! Oh!
Esta es la linda
tierra, que busco yo.
Es Borinquen la hija,
la hija del Mar y el sol.
del Mar y el Sol,
del Mar y el Sol,
del Mar y el Sol,
del Mar y el Sol!