Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico

The Island of Enchantment

puerto rico el morro Puerto Rico, also known as "La Isla del Encanto" (The Island of Enchantment) and "La Perla del Caribe" (The Pearl of the Caribbean), is a territory of the United States located in the eastern Caribbean. With a land area of 8,870 square kilometers and a population of 3.2 million inhabitants, it offers a fascinating combination of history, culture, and natural landscapes.

Its capital, San Juan, is a historic city with colonial architecture and cobblestone streets. The island has a diverse geography, ranging from majestic mountains covered in forests to fertile valleys and white-sand beaches bathed by crystal-clear waters. Puerto Rico's rich biodiversity includes iguanas, parrots, and the emblematic coquíes.

Puerto Rico is a very popular tourist destination due to its wide range of activities, ranging from hiking and swimming to diving, fishing, and cultural tourism. Its vibrant culture is manifested in its music, dance, and exquisite cuisine, offering visitors a unique and captivating experience.


The history of Puerto Rico, a Caribbean island, is extremely rich and diverse, with roots dating back to pre-Columbian times. Before the arrival of Europeans, the island was inhabited by the Taínos, an indigenous community. In 1493, Christopher Columbus arrived in Puerto Rico and claimed it in the name of Spain. For over four centuries, the Spanish maintained their dominance over the island, taking advantage of its strategic position as a military base and source of natural resources.

In 1898, after the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, the island became part of the United States. Later, in 1917, it acquired the status of an unincorporated territory of the United States.


Puerto Rican culture is a fascinating mosaic of European, African, and Taíno influences. The island is renowned for its vibrant music, exquisite cuisine, and passionate dances. Although Spanish is the official language, English is also widely spoken throughout the region. Puerto Rico's linguistic and cultural diversity adds an additional layer of charm to its already rich historical heritage.


puerto ricoPuerto Rico is characterized by being a mountainous island that stretches along 500 kilometers of coastline. Its tropical climate guarantees warm temperatures throughout the year, making it an ideal tourist destination. The island has an impressive diversity of flora and fauna, including the coquí, a tiny frog that has become the national emblem of Puerto Rico. This exuberant biodiversity contributes to the natural appeal of the island and offers visitors a unique experience in contact with nature.

Surface Area

Approximately 100 miles long and 35 miles wide (160 by 56 kilometers), Puerto Rico boasts a diverse and compact geographic expanse that encompasses a variety of landscapes and ecosystems.

Capital City

The capital city of Puerto Rico is San Juan, a vibrant and culturally rich urban center that offers a fascinating blend of history, colonial architecture, and modernity.


puerto rico clima Puerto Rico enjoys a perpetual vacation-like climate, with an average temperature of 83°F (22.7°C) in winter and 85°F (29.4°C) in summer. Trade winds provide a pleasant breeze in coastal towns, while temperatures decrease as one ascends into the mountains.

Puerto Rico is located in the Atlantic time zone and does not observe Daylight Savings Time. Additionally, the island uses the same electrical voltage as the United States, although European electrical devices require an adapter for use.


According to the 2022 census, the population of Puerto Rico is estimated at 3,221,789 inhabitants. This figure provides an updated view of the demographic dynamism on the island and its evolution since the last census.

Population Density

Puerto Rico exhibits a population density that exceeds 407,15 inhabitants per square kilometer, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the Greater Antilles. The most densely populated areas are concentrated along the coasts and in the San Juan metropolitan area, where the density reaches an impressive 1,983.45 inhabitants per square kilometer. This pattern reflects the intense activity and concentration of urban life on the island.


Residents of Puerto Rico have U.S. citizenship.


The official languages of Puerto Rico are Spanish and English. As a U.S. territory, U.S. travelers do not need a passport or visa to enter Puerto Rico. However, it is important to always carry a valid ID. Additionally, postal service on the island is provided by the United States Postal Service, with rates equivalent to those on the mainland.


The official currency in Puerto Rico is the U.S. dollar. No taxes are applied to items purchased on the island if they are taken to the continental United States. Major credit cards are widely accepted, and there is an extensive network of ATMs connected to national and international banks.


Puerto Rico operates under Atlantic Standard Time (AST), which is one hour later than U.S. Eastern Standard Time (EST) from October to April, and adjusts to Eastern Daylight Saving Time from April to October.


The government of Puerto Rico is governed by democratic elections every four years. It consists of three branches of government: executive, legislative (bicameral), and judicial. Officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States with self-governing status.

People are also known as Boricuas

The inhabitants of Puerto Rico call themselves "Boricuas", a term that derives from "Borinquén", the name that the Taínos, the native Indians of the island, gave to their land. Boricua culture is a dynamic and vibrant culture that reflects the rich history and diversity of Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico is also known as:

The island is commonly known as "La isla del encanto" (The Island of Enchantment) and "La Perla del Caribe" (The Pearl of the Caribbean), reflecting its distinctive beauty and charm.


Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, each with its own unique culture and charm. These municipalities are similar to counties in the United States and are governed by a mayor and a municipal legislature. Each municipality in Puerto Rico offers something unique to visitors, from historical sites and cultural attractions to breathtaking natural landscapes and exciting adventures.

Coat of Arms

puerto rico escudo The coat of arms of Puerto Rico has a particular structure, with a straight top that slopes obliquely on both sides towards its base. In its center, there is a green field from which emerge seven red ribbons adorned with silver seals. The lamb, as a religious symbol associated with Jesus Christ, holds a white flag with a red cross printed on it, culminating at the top with a vane. The upper part of the shield bears the inscription "Joannnes sta nomen eius", which means "John is your name", linking both the flag and the biblical quote to Saint John the Baptist, whose story is found in the New Testament.

Completing the shield, a border composed of 16 squares orders and repeats castles, lions, flags and crosses. The castles represent the kingdom of Castile, the lions the kingdom of León, the flags the kingdoms of Castile and León, and the crosses Jerusalem.

On the sides and around the shield and the border are the letters "F" and "Y" with their crowns, yokes and arrows. The "F" symbolizes Ferdinand, king consort of the Queen of Castile, while the yoke below the letter represents the union of several Hispanic kingdoms or nations. The "Y" represents the Queen of Castile, Isabella I, and the arrows below the letter symbolize the conquest of the lands known as the West Indies. At the top of the shield is a crown, an insignia of sovereignty granted by those who granted the shield to Puerto Rico.

The meaning of the parts of the shield is deep and symbolic:

  • The green color represents the fertility of the land.
  • The lamb symbolizes Jesus Christ according to Catholic iconography.
  • The flag represents peace among men.
  • The book represents the gospel.
  • The letters F and Y represent the Kings of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella.
  • The yoke represents the kingdom of Castile, the most important of the time.
  • The arrows symbolize the strength and power of the kingdom of Castile.
  • The crown is a symbol of sovereignty.
  • The inscription "John is his name" recalls the baptism of the island as Saint John the Baptist.
  • The lions, castles, crosses and flags represent the government of Spain in Puerto Rico.


puertorico bandera The flag of Puerto Rico consists of five horizontal stripes, three red and two white alternating and superimposed on the stripes an equilateral blue triangle, one of whose sides forms the end of the flag next to the mast. The color of the triangle is blue. On the triangle is superimposed a white five-pointed star, placed in such a way that one of its points points upwards.

The flag symbolizes the brotherhood in the revolutionary struggle between the Cuban and Puerto Rican people, due to the fact that the group of Puerto Rican separatists who adopted the design of the flag as an emblem of their group, the Puerto Rico Section, was associated with the Cuban separatists who fought with identical ideals under the Cuban Revolutionary Party. This flag was first raised during the Yauco Intentona in 1897, when Puerto Rico was still under Spanish rule.

The flag was officially adopted by the Commonwealth in 1952. According to the government, the star is a symbol of the Commonwealth and rests on a blue triangle which in its three angles evokes the integrity of the republican form of government represented by three powers: the legislative, the executive and the judicial. The three red stripes symbolize the vital blood that nourishes these three branches of government, which perform independent and separate functions. The freedom of the individual and the rights of man keep the powers in balance and their essential mission is represented by two white stripes.

Anthem: La Borinqueña

La Borinqueña puerto rico bandera It was born from a dance written by the Catalan Félix Astol Artés in 1867. Many claim that it was the sangermeño Francisco Ramírez Ortíz who wrote the melody, but there is no official document that points to him as the author of it.

A year later, the poet Lola Rodríguez de Tió wrote the Revolutionary lyrics, related to the political era that was lived on the Island. In 1901, Manuel Fernádez Juncos wrote a new version that is the one we know today, while Francisco Ramírez Ortíz wrote the music.

The musical and official arrangement of the Anthem of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico was made by Ramón Collado in 1952. It was performed for the first time as Official Anthem on July 25, 1952, at the events of the Proclamation of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

La Borinqueñapuertorico island
La tierra de Borinquen
donde he nacido yo.
Es un jardín florido
de mágico esplendor.
Un cielo siempre nítido
le sirve de dosel.
Y dan arrullos plácidos
las olas a sus pies.
Cuando a sus playas llego Colón,
exclamó lleno de admiración:
Oh! Oh! Oh!
Esta es la linda
tierra, que busco yo.
Es Borinquen la hija,
la hija del Mar y el sol.
del Mar y el Sol,
del Mar y el Sol,
del Mar y el Sol,
del Mar y el Sol!

Beaches of Puerto Rico

Coasts of Puerto Rico
Beaches of Puerto Rico - Boricua Online
Beaches of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a tourist destination with a long tradition. Many tourists come every year to discover a wonderful place where they spend a few dream days. One of its most important aspects is the exceptional beauty of its beaches, considered to be among the most beautiful in the world. In Puerto Rico, there are more than 270 miles of coastline that translate into almost 300 beaches to choose from.

Puerto Rico is the perfect haven for millions of tourists around the world, not only does it offer an incredible escape from the cold winter climates, but it also creates memories that will last a lifetime. Whether you want to take a break and sunbathe, ride the waves or explore the underwater life, the island has a perfect beach for your taste.

Historic Sites and Landmarks in Puerto Rico

A View of the Island's History and Culture
Historic Sites and Landmarks - BoricuaOnLine
Historic Sites and Landmarks in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a beautiful island with a rich history dating back centuries. The island is home to many historical sites and monuments that offer a glimpse into its past. It is a truly stunning island with many excellent natural features, charming towns and cities, and a rich cultural heritage.

Visitors to this friendly island and the nearby smaller islands can enjoy wonderful sightseeing tours that explore areas of historical and natural splendor. Puerto Rico's wonderful landscape is also ideal for numerous outdoor activities.

Whether you are interested in learning about the island's history or simply enjoying its beauty, you are sure to find something that interests you in Puerto Rico. Here are just a few of the many historical sites and monuments in Puerto Rico.

Here are some of the most popular historical sites and monuments in Puerto Rico:

Historic Sites and Landmarks in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico Food Trails and Culinary Adventures

Exploring Puerto Rico's Culinary Scene
Puerto Rico Food Trails and Culinary Adventures
Puerto Rico Food Trails and Culinary Adventures

Puerto Rico stands as a premier culinary destination, boasting a rich and diverse cuisine that mirrors its unique heritage. From traditional dishes like mofongo and pastelón to modern renditions of Caribbean cooking, there is something to satiate every palate.

The island's gastronomic routes offer a distinctive way to delve into this cuisine and learn about Puerto Rican culture and lifestyle. One of the most popular ways to experience Puerto Rican food is through a "chinchorreo." This local tradition involves hopping from bar to bar and restaurant to restaurant, relishing drinks, food, and perhaps even some dancing. It's a fun and festive way to experience the best of Puerto Rican cuisine and culture.

For those eager to explore the finest of Puerto Rican cuisine, several gastronomic trails and culinary adventures await. Here are some of the most popular itineraries:

Puerto Rico Food Trails and Culinary Adventures

Annual Festivals in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, an Island of Festivals
Annual Festivals in Puerto Rico
Annual Festivals in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is an island full of culture and tradition, and its annual festivals are a celebration of everything that makes this island unique. From religious festivals to food and cultural festivals, there is something for everyone in Puerto Rico.

These festivals offer a variety of activities and attractions for all tastes. Whether you love music, food, art, or history, you are sure to find a festival in Puerto Rico that you will enjoy.

Annual Festivals in Puerto Rico

Music in Puerto Rico

The Rhythmic Tapestry of Puerto Rican Music
Music in Puerto Rico
Music in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, a vibrant island located in the heart of the Caribbean, is not only known for its stunning landscapes, but also for its rich musical heritage. Music in Puerto Rico is a unique blend of diverse influences, reflecting the island's diverse history and cultural tapestry. From the soulful rhythms of salsa to the infectious beat of reggaeton, Puerto Rican music has had a significant impact on the global music scene.

Puerto Rican Music Guide


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