Florida, Puerto Rico
City of The Cayenalisa Pineapple
Florida (flo-REE-dah) is known as the “Tierra del Río Encantado,” the “Tierra de los Mogotes,” and the “Pueblo de la Piña Cayenalisa”. [The Land of the Enchanted River, Karst Country, the Cayenalisa Pineapple Town]. Florida is the only municipality composed of one single barrio, Florida Adentro. Its patron saint is Nuestra Señora de la Merced [Our Lady of Mercy], whose festival is held during the last week of September.
Florida is located between the northern coast of the island and the Cordillera Central mountain range. The municipality lies north of Ciales, south of Barceloneta, east of Arecibo and west of Manatí. The town is part of the northern coastal plain and the northern karst zone.
Contrary to popular belief among Puerto Ricans, Florida is not the smallest municipality on the island. Comprising 39.4 square kilometers (15.2 mi2), Florida is larger than Cataño, which is, indeed, the smallest town in Puerto Rico.
Florida, the “baby of the family” among the municipalities in Puerto Rico, currently boasts an economy featuring the construction, retail sales, social services, and health care sectors. Major crops harvested by the agricultural sector include coffee and produce, particularly pineapples, plantains, and bananas. The manufacturing industry in Florida includes rubber and plastic products.
As a known ward, Florida goes back to the middle of the last century. It was known as Florida Afuera belonging to Manatí. Later it was annexed to Barceloneta.
In the 60’s the committee Pro Municipio 78 was constituted by the people who wanted to gain the victory of Florida. From this effort the Senate project “Senado 980” was created thanks to Lic. Juan Cancel Ríos.
In 1971 the governor Don Luis A. Ferré, had the honor and the satisfaction to approve the project and Florida was constituted as municipality.
26.0 sq km / 10.0 sq. mi.
12,367 (census 2000)
475.6 per sq km / 1,236.7 per sq. mi.
People are known as::
Florideños o Floridianos
Florida is also known as:
Pueblo de la Piña Cayenalisa (City Of The Cayenalisa Pineapple)
La Tierra del Río Encantado (Land Of The Enchanted River)
Tierra de los Mogotes (Land Of Hills)
Wards: Florida is divided en various sectors:
| Census 2000:|
Population by Wards – Florida
Información: Negociado del Censo de los EE.UU. Censo 2000
Nuestra Señora de la Merced
Nuestra Señora de la Merced Parish
P.O. Box 437
Florida, Puerto Rico 00650-0437
Daily: 7:00pm – Nuestra Señora de la Merced Parish
Saturday: 5:00pm – Nuestra Señora del Carmen;
7:00pm – Nuestra Señora de la Merced Parish
Sunday: 8:00am – Santa Rosa de Lima; 10:00am – Nuestra Señora de la Merced Parish
Limited to the north with Barceloneta, to the west with Arecibo, to the south with Ciales and to the east with Manati. The municipality belongs to the plains of the north and is surrounded by limestone or mogotes that protect it during the hurricanes. One of the highest hills is the Selgas zero, from which you can observe the entire town of Florida.
Its topography has a particular touch thanks to its mogotes and caves, typical of the north carso. One of its most known caves in Roman cave. It has three caverns inside and two of them pass a stream of water. Other caves are: Cueva Miró and Cueva Juana Gómez.
Manufacturing (plastics), agriculture (pineapple y juice nectors).
$221.28 weekly (1998)
Florida’s flag derives its colors and symbolism from the Coat Of Arms. It consists of three horizontal stripes, with the following colors and widths: green the superior and white the inferior, with five modules of width each one, the center one red, with a width of one module.
Coat Of Arms:
Field of silver, in an abyss, a gules (red) anchored cross, between two branches of bloomed poinsettias (Poinsettia Pulcherrima). The Almeneda Campaign in green with a stripe forming waves, sabered, outlined in silver. At the top, a three tower gold crown. The shield can be surrounded, to its flanks and bottom by two crossed coffee tree branches with fruits, in a natural way.
The anchored cross is taken from the shield of the Llanes lineage’s last name that in its modified form is “Yanes”, which corresponds to the history and toponymy of the municipality of Florida but with its colors inverted, because in the family shield the cross is silver and its field is red. It remembers that the parish of Nuestra Señora de la Merced and San Juan Nepomuceno of Florida preceded in existence to the town of this name.
Places To Visit:
- Río Encantado Natural Preserve
- City Hall
- Colonial House
- Catholic Church, Our Lady of Mercy
- Recreational Plaza
- Lomas de Florida [Florida Hills]
- Three King festival – January
- Cayenalisa pineapple festival- July
- Patron Saint festivities – September
- Cultura Fest of Río Encantado – October
- Celia Arenas – Poet; author of the municipal anthem.
- Rafael Avilés Vázquez – Artisan specializing in the art of making stringed musical instruments; conservator, professor, and musical director.
- Francisco Díaz Marchand – Member of the House of Representatives for District 7 (1937 and 1945-1952), and for District 12 (1953-1954).
- Francisco Frías Morales – Outstanding teacher known for his great achievements, both educational and administrative, in the public school system.
- Manuel Frías Morales – Member of the House of Representatives for District 12 (1957-1960).
- Luis “Tuto” Rivera Hernández – Renowned historian, journalist, photographer.
- Juan Rosado Colón – Activist in Florida’s elevation to municipality status.
Public Schools sorted by educational levels.
|ADOLFO EGÜEN||K-6||(787) 822-2904||PO Box 1169, P.R. 00650-0000|
|JUANITA RAMÍREZ GONZÁLEZ||PK-6||(787) 822-2190||PO Box 1167, P.R. 00650-0000|
|RICARDO RODRÍGUEZ TORRES||K-6||(787) 822-1005||Box 1175, P.R. 00650-0000|
|FRANCISCO FRÍAS MORALES||7-9||(787) 822-2263||PO Box 1170, P.R. 00650-0000|
|JUAN PONCE DE LEÓN II||10-12||(787) 822-2050||PO Box 366, P.R. 00650-0000|
By Celia Arenas
Florida jardín hermoso
que perfuma tu tierra
con fragancias de amor,
soy el bardo que canta
cual coquí enamorado.
De tu río encantado,
de tu gente y tu honor.
Tienen un raro encanto
tus montes vigilantes.
tú eres el medallón.
Que luces apacible
sobre el pecho del río.
Pequeño pueblo mío
Y aunque de tí me aleje,
llevaré tu recuerdo.
Tu escudo y tu bandera,
sobre en mi corazón.
Levantaré mis manos
bendiciendo tu nombre.
Repitiendo tu himno,
que será mi oración.