Bayamón, Puerto Rico

Bayamón, Puerto Rico

Pork Ring City

Campo de Golf Bayamon Bayamón (bah-yah-MON) is known as the “pork rind city”. The patron saint’s festival is dedicated to the Holy Cross, and it is held late in April and the beginning of May. The city’s economy is based on commerce and manufacturing.

The municipality is located in the north central area of Puerto Rico and is bordered on the north by Toa Baja and Cataño, on the south by Aguas Buenas and Comerío, to the east by Guaynabo and to the west by Naranjito, Toa Alta, and Toa Baja.

Bayamón has won awards for its advanced environmental and community projects and policies. For example, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognized the municipality as a community with significant environmental achievements in Puerto Rico, which include an ecologically responsible golf course, established on a former landfill site. It is the only golf course in Puerto Rico that serves low-income communities as a priority.

Foundation:

Bayamón belonged to San Juan before being founded. A legend exists that its name is derived from a Indian chief called Bayamón, who dominated the region. Bayamón was founded in the year 1772, by don Mario A. Rodríguez León. Before Bayamón had streets, communication with San Juan was by river. One boarded a boat at the wharf, traveled through Palo Seco Bay to San Juan. Then one returned from San Juan through the channel of San Fernando, Cataño, and disembarked at the end of the Santa Ana Hacienda’s property. The first plans for the establishment of the town were drawn in 1791 by the military engineer, commander Don Ignacio Mascró y Homar. Bayamón rises into history as an organized town at the precise moment that Puerto Rico begins to have it’s own modern history.

bayamón, marino
Playing dominoes at “El Marino”, Bayamón 1940’s

The first plans for the town were drawn in 1791 by the military engineer, commander Don Ignacio Mascró y Homar. In 1831, Bayamón was divided into the following districts: Hato Tejas, Pajaros, Palo Seco, Buena Vista, Pastel, Cerro Gordo, Juan Ascencio, Guaraguao, Santa Oyala and Minillas.

During 1878, extensive changes took place with its municipal organization: the Ascencio district became part of Aguas Buenas and the district of Palo Seco became part of Toa Baja.

During the same year, Bayamón was made up of the following districts: Palmas; Cataño; Juan Sánchez; Hato Tejas; Pájaro; Santa Oyala; Buena Vista; Barrio Nuevo; Dajaos; Guaraguao Arriba; Guaraguao Abajo; Minillas; Cerro Gordo; Guaynabo; Pueblo Viejo; Santa Rosa; Camarones; Sonadora and Guaraguao.

By 1912, the Guaraguao barrios, (Guaynabo), Pueblo Viejo, Santa Rosa y Sonadora, were taken away and annexed to form part of the Municipality of Guaynabo.

Location:

mapa bayamonThe municipality of Bayamón is located in hills of the northern central part of the island. It is bordered by: borders with Toa Baja and Cataño on the north, Comerio and Aguas Buenas on the south, Toa Baja, Toa Alta, and Naranjito on the west, and Guaynabo on the east.

Area:

113.1 sq km / 43.5 sq mi

Population:

224,044 (census 2000)

Population Density:

1,980.9 per sq km / 5,610.2 per sq mi

People are known as:

Bayamoneses

Bayamón is also known as:

El Pueblo del Chicharrón (Pork Ring City)

Wards: Bayamon, Puerto RIco

barrios bayamon
Census 2000:
Population by Wards – Bayamón
Habitants
Bayamón (City)5,336
Buena Vista15,878
Cerro Gordo34,161
Dajaos2,691
Guaraguao Abajo8,494
Guaraguao Arriba1,681
Hato Tejas46,528
Juan Sánchez25,747
Minillas42,617
Nuevo2,394
Pájaros32,855
Santa Olaya5,662
Total 224,044

Información: Negociado del Censo de los EE.UU. Censo 2000

Patron:

La Santa Cruz
Calle Degetau
Bayamón, PR 00961
Tel. 787 785 2134

bayamon iglesia

Topography:

Because of its location in the Northern Coastal Valley, its territory is mainly flat. Nevertheless, the following hills can be mentioned: the 1,811 foot La Peña, and the 866 foot Vergaras hill.

Hydrography:

The Bayamón river, which is one of the six longest of Puerto Rico, Hondo, Minillas, Bucarabones and Cuesta Arriba rivers.

Economy:

Commerce & manufacture

Average Salary:

$291.37 weekly (1998)

Flag:

On March 29, 1977, the Municipal Assembly of Bayamón officially approved the flag and corrected the errors which existed in the city code following Resolution No. 59 dated April 8, 1971.

The current flag of Bayamón, with a white field, official color of Bayamón, was embroidered by Mrs. Gloria M. León and maintains the design and colors of its Coat of Arms.

Coat Of Arms:

This shield is symbol and synthesis of the history and the values that distinguish the city of Bayamón. The main colors of the shield are blue and silver representing the waters of the Bayamón river and recalls that it was on these banks where the first hydraulic sugar cane refinery of Puerto Rico was established in 1549. The center contains the Holy Cross (Santa Cruz), patron of the first church of the municipality and the name of the old sugar cane refinery “Santa Cruz”, which was the historical origin of the town of Bayamón. The sugar cane flowers (guajanas) allude directly to the sugar cane industry that is of social and economic importance to the origin and development of Bayamón.

The five-tower crown, which is used for cities, was assigned to Bayamón as an exception for its extraordinary urban development, the magnitude of its population and for its religious dignity, which will possibly be raised to become Episcopal seat. The motto “IN HOC SIGNO VINCES” makes reference to Emperor Constantine when in the IV century had the vision in which the victory was promised to him if it accepted the Cross of Christianity as his banner.

Events:

  • Marathon of the Holy Cross – May
  • Tree Lighting Ceremony – November
  • Caminata por la diabetes- November
  • José Celso Barbosa Birthday Conmemoration – July

Places of Interest:

  • Dr. Pilar Barbosa Library– inaugurated in 2000, this is the Bayamón municipal library, honoring the memory of the first official historian of Puerto Rico. The building has several rooms for educational, cultural, and recreational activities.
  • Carmen Delia Dipiní Theater and Coffeehouse – inaugurated in 1997, honoring the memory of this immortal singer. The space is used by the community for theatrical and musical productions.
  • Angel Rivera Rodríguez City Hall– inaugurated in 1980. It was the first so-called aerial building in the Caribbean, spanning a main highway, Route Number 2.
  • Tennis Center –the public has had use of these facilities since 2002.
  • Children’s City
  • Onofre Carballeira Sports Center – comprises the Rubén Rodríguez Coliseum, the Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium, the Miguel J. Frau Public Gymnasium, Alberto Santiago Central Park, and sculptures on the Guadarrama Walk and the Emergency Management Unit.
  • Fine Arts School – created in 2001 to complement academic training and cultivation of the Arts.
  • Hacienda Santa Ana – founded at the end of the 18th century by ship captain Fernando Fernández. It was dedicated to sugar cane production.
  • Church of the Holy Cross
  • Monument to José Celso Barbosa
  • Monument to Traditional Folksingers
  • Bayamón Museum and Historic Archives- Dioramas and photographs that show the history of Bayamón from the 16th century to the present. The archives contain historical documentation for the municipality.
  • Francisco Oller Art Museum- exhibitions of works by Francisco Oller, Tomás Batista, Juan Santos, and Angel Luis Rivera Feliciano. The museum has two areas devoted to carved wood saints by different artists and two temporary exhibition halls.
  • Doll Museum – holds the 952 pieces collected by Catalina Hernández, to whom the museum is dedicated. It was opened in December 2000.
  • Alberto Santiago Central Park– a large, centrally located area for outdoor recreation. It is located in the Onofre Carballeira Complex facing City Hall.
  • Children`s Central Park – inaugurated in 2007, this park is dedicated to children and recreation.
  • Luis A. Ferré Science Park – facilities include a planetarium, and aerospace museum, the Electric Power Authority museum, the art reproductions museum, the archeological museum, the transportation museum, the natural sciences museum, the telephone museum, the marine ecosystems museum, the health pavilion, and the zoo.
  • Botanical Garden – inaugurated in 1990 and located on PR Route 167, Sabana sector of Buena Vista Ward.
  • Robert Junghanns Park – located on land left by the agronomist Robert Junghanns on PR Route 167. There are facilities where activities can be held.
  • Performers’ Walk – located between the City Hall and the Church of the Holy Cross.
  • José Celso Barbosa Walk
  • Río Hondo or Río Bayamón Lineal Park – located on the banks of the Bayamón River, it runs for 9 kilometers, about 5.5 miles.
  • Town Square – located in the town center of Bayamón.
  • Río Bayamón Golf Course and Driving Range – modern golfing facilities along the Bayamón River at the intersection of PR Route 177 and PR Route 891.
  • Braulio Castillo Theater – inaugurated in 1984; it honors the famous actor from Bayamon. The theater seats 376 and has hosted many theatrical events and shows.
  • Francisco Oller Theater- the building dates from 1938 and seats 662. One of its halls is dedicated to the music of Felipe “La Voz” Rodríguez.
  • José Celso Barbosa House-Museum

Ilustres:

bayamon barberia
Barber Shop 1941.
  • José Celso Barbosa Alcalá – Physician, journalist, political figure (member of the Puerto Rico Senate 1917 – 1921) and poet.
  • Lucecita Benítez – Singer. She has been called the “voice of the nation” thanks to her talent and charisma as a singer.
  • Braulio Castillo Cintrón – Adopted son of Bayamón. He was a renowned dramatic and musical actor.
  • José Antonio Dávila – Physician, translator and poet. The author of Vendimia (1940), Almacén de baratijas (1942), and Motivos de Tristán (1957). He wrote the biography of the musician and composer Mariano Feliu Balseiro, a native of Bayamón.
  • Virgilio Dávila – Poet and political figure. He was born in Toa Baja and became an adopted son of Bayamón. He was mayor from 1905 to 1910. The town hall, today the Francisco Oller Museum, was built under his administration
  • Pedro Dávila Ortiz (Davilita) – musician. He devoted body and soul to the dissemination of Puerto Rican music.
  • Braulio Dueño Colón – musician and composer. He wrote both classical and popular music. His compositions include “La amistad,” “Noche de Otoño,” “La aurora,” “Soledad,” and others.
  • Isabel Gutiérrez del Arroyo – Historian. The author of El reformismo ilustrado en Puerto Rico (1953) and numerous articles published in local and overseas journals. She was full professor at the history department of the University of Puerto Rico until 1987.
  • Francisco Manrique Cabrera – Educator and poet. He is the author of Poemas de mi tierra (1936), Huella, sombra and cantar (1943), Antología de poesía infantil, Notas sobre la novela puertorriqueña de los últimos veinticinco años (1955), Manuel Zeno Gandía, poeta del novelar isleño (1955) and his best-known work, Historia de la literatura puertorriqueña (1956). He is known as one of the best writers in the Neo-criollo style.
  • Francisco Oller y Cestero – Adopted son of Bayamón, an illustrious painter, whose works include “El velorio,” (The Wake), among many others.
  • Santiago Polanco Abreu – Representative (1949 – 1964) and President of that body (1963 – 1964); Resident Commissioner in Washington, D.C. (1965 – 1968).
  • Jesús Sánchez Erazo “Chuíto, el de Bayamón” – Folksinger of Puerto Rican music.

Public schools sorted by educational levels.

Bayamón Region
Bayamón I District

Nombre Grado Teléfono Dirección
NIVEL ELEMENTAL
ARTURO SOMOHANOK-6(787) 787-0938PO BOX 3065, P.R. 00959-3065
AURELIO PEREZ MARTINEZK-6(787) 787-1132URB SANTA ELENA BH 200 CALLE 6, P.R. 00957-0000
BRAULIO DUEÑO COLONK-6(787) 785-0246CALLE BRAULIO DUEÑO, P.R. 00961-0000
DOLORES ALVAREZK-6(787) 797-2010PO BOX 4158, P.R. 00958-1158
DR HIRAM GONZALEZK-6(787) 785-2536PO BOX 265, P.R. 00957-0000
DR. SANTOS J. SEPULVEDAK-6(787) 786-7625PO BOX 3065, P.R. 00959-3065
EPIFANIO FERNANDEZ VANGAK-6(787) 786-7625PO BOX 8774, P.R. 00960-8774
FAUSTINO SANTIAGOPK-6(787) 787-3251URB JARDINES DE CAPARRA, P.R. 00959-0000
JOSE DAVILA SEMPRITPK-6(787) 786-8820PO BOX 6075 SUITE 1, P.R. 00960-0000
JOSE JULIAN TAPIAK-6(787) 787-8969RIO PLANTATION CALLE 2, P.R. 00961-0000
JUAN MORELL CAMPOSK-6(787) 786-5520URB VILLA RICA, P.R. 00959-0000
LUDOVICO COSTOSOEE(787) 787-9792CARR 2 STE 15 DRIVE IN PLAZA HATO TEJAS, P.R. 00959-5259
MARTA VELEZ DE FAJARDOK-6(787) 797-1775URB CANA 100 CALLE 11, P.R. 00957-0000
NOEL ESTRADAK-6(787) 797-3795URB MIRAFLORES CALLE 25FINALPR 00957-0000
PAJAROS AMERICANOSK-6(787) 797-3832PO BOX 265, P.R. 00960-0000
RAFAEL HERNANDEZK-6(787) 797-2848PO BOX 117, P.R. 00961-0000
RAFAEL MARTINEZ NADALK-6(787) 785-1150PO BOX 107061, P.R. 00960-7061
RAMON MORALES PEÑAK-6(787) 798-3773URB RIVERVIEW, P.R. 00959-0000
REXVILLE ELEMENTALPK-6(787) 797-5004URB REXVILLE, P.R. 00957-0000
TOMAS CARRION MADUROPK-6(787) 785-3292PO BOX 475, P.R. 00960-0000
VAN SCOYK-6(787) 797-7335PARCELAS VAN SCOY, P.R. 00957-0000
VIRGILIO DAVILAK-6787) 785-2378CARR 2 SUITE 15, P.R. 00959-5259
NIVEL INTERMEDIO
INTERMEDIA CACIQUE AGÜEYBANA7-9(787) 780-9906PO BOX 607061, P.R. 00960-7061
JUAN RAMON JIMENEZ7-9(787) 798-5428DISTRITO ESCOLAR I, P.R. 00961-0000
MARIA VAZQUEZ DE UMPIERRE7-9(787) 797-5360CARR 167 KM 15 HM 3, BO BUENA VISTA,P.R. 00957-0000
PABLO CASALS7-9(787) 797-1215PO BOX 607071 SUITE 12, P.R. 00960-7071
REXVILLE INTERMEDIA7-9(787) 797-3340PO BOX 333, P.R. 00960-0333
WILLIAM RIVERA PONCE7-9(787) 780-3119PO BOX 265, P.R. 00960-0000
NIVEL PS – OTROS
ACADEMIA DE ADULTOS1-12(787) 785-3584BOX 6695, P.R. 00960-6695
NIVEL SECUNDARIO
PAPA JUAN XXIII7-12(787) 785-3449URB VILLA RICA, P.R. 00956-0000
NIVEL SEGUNDA UNIDAD
SU CACIQUE MAJAGUAK-9(787) 797-5480PO BOX 1995, P.R. 00956-9611
NIVEL SUPERIOR
FRANCISCO GAZTAMBIDE VEGA10-12(787) 799-0563RR 5 BOX 7943, P.R. 00956-9718
PEDRO P CASABLANCA10-12(787) 782-1562JARDINES DE CAPARRA, P.R. 00959-0000
REXVILLE SUPERIOR10-12(787) 797-1850URB REXVILLE CALLE 41 FINAL, P.R. 00957-0000
SUPERIOR CACIQUE AGUEYBANA10-12(787) 780-9709PO BOX 607061 BMS 598, P.R. 00960-7061

Bayamón Region
Bayamón II District

Nombre Grado Teléfono Dirección
NIVEL ELEMENTAL
ÁNGEL MISLAN HUERTASK-6(787) 787-3726Calle39, P.R. 00956-0000
BERNARDO HUYKEK-6(787) 786-5275PO Box 2831, P.R. 00960-2831
CARLOS ORAMA PADILLAK-3(787) 785-5630PO Box 1468, P.R. 00960-0000
CARMEN GÓMEZ TEJERAPK-6(787) 785-1364PO Box 9466, P.R. 00960-0000
CRISTÓBAL COLONK-6(787) 785-1190C39 SANTA JUANITA MAIL STATION SANTA JUANITA, P.R. 00956
DIEGO TORRES VARGASK-6(787) 786-3075Urb. MAGNOLIA GARDENS V1 Calle 20, P.R. 00956-0000
FRANCISCO OLLERPK- 4-6(787) 785-6393Urb. MAGNOLIA GARDENS VI Calle 20, P.R. 00956-0000
GUARAGUAO CARRETERA1-6(787) 787-9774PO Box 4314, P.R. 00958-1314
INÉS MARIA MENDOZAK-6(787) 780-8232PO Box 916, P.R. 00960-0000
JOSÉ ANDINO Y AMEZQUITAK-6(787) 798-1265PO Box 8417, P.R. 00960–0000
JOSÉ CAMPECHEK-6, EE(787) 786-1580Urb. SANTA JUANITA CALLE ROBLE SECC 11, P.R. 00956-0000
JOSEFINA BARCELÓK-6(787) 798-0405RIGEL SECC 12 IRLANDA HEIGHTS, P.R. 00956-0000
JOSEFITA MONSERRATE DE SELLESK-6(787) 785-2238PO Box 138, P.R. 00956-0138
JULIO RESSYK-6(787) 799-4950BOX 8418 Suite 67, P.R. 00956
RAFAEL COLON SALGADOK-6(787) 799-0333PO Box 1244, P.R. 00960-0000
RAÚL JULIA (FLAMBOYAN GARDENS)K-6(787) 785-9140PO Box 8150, P.R. 00959-0000
MARÍA E BAS DE VÁZQUEZK-6(787) 786-5586PO Box 1221, P.R. 00960-1221
NIVEL INTERMEDIO
DR. JOSÉ PATÍNEE(787) 785-0010Urb. LOMAS VERDES CALLE JACINTO Esq. DRAGON, P.R. 00956-0000
JESÚS SÁNCHEZ ERAZO7-9(787) 787-4831Urb. SANTA JUANITA CALLE MARTIZ SECC 9, P.R. 00956-0000
JOSÉ ANTONIO DÁVILA7-9(787) 785-2292PO Box 132, P.R. 00960-0000
MARIA E RODRÍGUEZ7-9(787) 798-4970PO Box 6850, P.R. 00960-0000
MARIANO FELIU BALSEIRO7-9(787) 785-9185Urb. LOMAS VERDES Carr. 831, P.R. 00956-0000
PADRE RUFO M FERNÁNDEZ7-8(787) 786-3794PO Box 104, P.R. 00956-0000
NIVEL PS – OTROS
TROQUELERIA Y HERRAMENTAJE13-14(787) 786-1834Urb. INDUSTRIAL MINILLAS, P.R. 00959-0000
NIVEL SECUNDARIO
LUIS PALES MATOS7-12(787) 786-4275Urb. SANTA ROSA 100 Calle11, P.R. 00959-0000
MIGUEL MELÉNDEZ MUÑOZ9-12(787) 799-7300PO Box 3169, P.R. 00960-3169
NIVEL SEGUNDA UNIDAD
ANDRÉS C GONZÁLEZK-9(787) 797-6580RR 8 BOX 1995 MSC 223, P.R. 00956-0000
JOSE M TORRESK-9(787) 730-0090PO Box 1995 MSC 156, P.R. 00956-1995
NUEVA ESCUELA SU DEK-9(787) 730-5613RR 5 BOX 5829 Suite 6, P.R. 00956-5829
NIVEL SUPERIOR
AGUSTÍN STAHL10-12(787) 785-1279Calle PARQUE Esq. BETANCES BOX 425, P.R. 00956-0000
MIGUEL DE CERVANTES SAAVEDRA10-12(787) 785-4065PO Box 2728, P.R. 00960-2728
TOMAS CONGAY10-12(787) 785-3414APARTADO 254, P.R. 00956-0000

Himno:

Por: Ramón Luis Rivera

Bayamón, ciudad hermosa
orgullosa de su ayer
al mirar hacia el futuro
ves un nuevo amanecer.

En tu gente la esperanza
son tus hijos tu primor
porque luchan sin descanso
por triunfar y darte honor.

Bayamón, mi ciudad
mi lugar es aquí
porque quiero luchar
en tu suelo hasta morir.

Bayamón, mi ciudad
orgulloso estoy de ti
de tu amor cantaré,
en un himno al porvenir.

Bayamón, mi ciudad
mi lugar es aquí
porque quiero luchar
en tu suelo hasta morir.

 

How to get to Bayamón from San Juan.

direction bayamon

 

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