Humacao, Puerto Rico
Pearl of The Oriente
Humacao (oo-mah-KOU) is known as “the Pearl of the East,” “the gray city,” and “the bone-gnawers”. The patron saint is Our Lady of Immaculate Conception and the Catholic church is dedicated to the Sweet Name of Jesus.
Humacao is located on the east coast of Puerto Rico and is part of the eastern coastal valleys. It is bordered by the municipalities of Naguabo on the north, Yabucoa on the south, and Las Piedras on the west, and to the east by the Vieques Passage. Agricultural production is high because of Humacao’s alluvial soil. The lowlands are located near the coast and are mainly used for coconut farming.
Humacao has several natural attractions, one of which is the Humacao pterocarpus forest, declared a natural reserve in 1986. There are also many beaches, which have made the area very attractive for tourism. Palmas del Mar, a resort complex located in the area, is visited by many local and foreign tourists. Punta Santiago is another attractive area, with a public beach, a resort, and a variety of restaurants. The town is home to one of the University of Puerto Rico’s regional campuses.
A mainstay of the economy of Humacao is the manufacturing of electronic, chemical and leather products, as well as scientific instruments, electrical equipment and clothing, among others. The construction industry, commerce, truck farming, cattle ranching, and fishing also contribute to the local economy.
At the moment of the conquest and colonization of Puerto Rico, this territory was governed by the Taíno Chief Jumacao. The name Humacao derives from this chief, whose territory was along the Honónimo River, at a short distance from the ocean. Chief Jumacao was the first Taíno Chief to learn how to read and write. This fact was corroborated when he wrote a letter to the King of Spain complaining about the Governor of the island not complying with the peace treaty, and that other chiefs as well as himself were virtually prisoners of the regime. He stated also in this communication that he was a free man and capable of responding for his own acts. The King was so moved by the letter, that he ordered immediately that Puerto Rico honor the terms of the peace treaty.
The foundation of the town took place in 1793. In 1881 it was given the title of “Villa” and by 1893 it had achieved the title of “City”. It is believed that the founders of Humacao were decedents from Spain’s Canary Islands.
Humacao is located in the eastern coast of the island, it borders north with Naguabo, south with Yabucoa, west with Las Piedras and east with the Atlantic Ocean.
117 sq km / 45 sq. mi.
59,035 (census 2000)
504.5 per sq km / 1,311.8 per sq. mi.
People are known as:
Humacao is also known as:
La Perla del Oriente (Pearl Of The Orient)
La Ciudad Gris (The Gray City)
Roye Huesos (The Bone Grinders
Wards: Humacao, Puerto Rico
| Census 2000:|
Population by Wards – Humacao
Source: Censo 2000
La Inmaculada Concepción
Dulce Nombre de Jesús Parish
Humacao, Puerto Rico 00792
Humacao belongs to the Eastern Coastal Valleys. For the most part the terrain is level, below the 100 meter mark, which makes it susceptible to floods. It has some minor elevations, the Candelero Hill in southeastern region and the Mabú in the northeastern region.
Humacao is bathed by the Antón Ruíz, Humacao & Candelero rivers and the Frontera, Cataño, Mariana, Del Inglés & Del Obispo gulches. All of them belong to the Vieques Passage.
Light industries that included textiles, plastics, electronic machinery, chemical products, leather articles, scientific instruments & electrical equipment. It also produces coffee, sugar, rice and tobacco. Other economic activities are fishing, cattle, tourism and construction.
It consists of three horizontal stripes: gold that stands for Chief Jumacao’s crown, red that symbolizes the Coat of Arms and the green that represents the arrows used by the Taínos. Chief Jumacao was the first Taíno Chief to learn how to read and write. This fact was corroborated when he wrote a letter to the King of Spain complaining about the Governor of the island not complying with the peace treaty, and that other chiefs as well as himself were virtually prisoners of the regime. He stated also in this communication that he was a free man and capable of responding for his own acts. The King was so moved by the letter, that he ordered immediately that Puerto Rico honor the terms of the peace treaty.
Coat Of Arms:
The coat of arms consists of two colors, gold and green. The gold represents the sun, Humacao is located in the island were the sun rises. Green symbolizes our native Indian heritage as well as the natural tropical valley where the city is located. The shield itself represents Humacao’s native and Indian name origin and the Christian backbone of the town.
The crown above the shield is standard of all cities and towns close to Humacao area ordered by the Royal Spanish Crown. It also represents Chief Jumacao’s royalty. The other two components of the shield are the two arrows and a small shield. The arrows represent the two wars Jumacao fought against the Spanish during the XVI century. The small shield in the center represents the name of Humacao’s Catholic Church; Dulce Nombre De Jesús.
The shield was designed by Roberto Biascochea Lota in 1975 and was adopted by the Municipal Assembly that same year in November.
- Kings Holidays – January
- Bomba and Plena Festival – April
- Cross Festival – March
- Planua Boat Festival – June
- Festival Pana Mariana Barrio – August
- Pana Festival – September
- Santa Cecilia Festival (Patron saint of musicians) – November
- Festivities – December
- Community Festival of the Catholic Church – December
Places To Visit:
- Humacao Airport
- Pterocarpus de Humacao Forest – it has the largest freshwater swamp forest on the Island.
- Arts Center Angel “Lito” Peña
- Grain Factory – elaborates the native frying of Humacao.
- Monument to Cacique Jumacao – chieftain who dominated the territory.
- Monument to the Teacher – dedicated to the guild of educators.
- Roig House Museum – Designed in 1919 by Antonin Nechodoma. It was restored in 1989 by the University of Puerto Rico to which it currently belongs. It serves as a museological headquarters and cultural center.
- Astronomical Observatory, University of Puerto Rico in Humacao.
- Pantheon of the Guzmán family (Guzmán Hermitage)
- Humacao Water Park
- Luis Muñoz Rivera Square (Recreation Square)
- Humacao Wildlife Refuge – located in the humid subtropical zone of the southeast coast of Puerto Rico. There is a diversity of natural resources: swamps, marshes, canals and a lagoon complex. Carey and Tinglar, two species of sea turtles, nest in their land.
- Buena Vista Beach
- Punta Candelero Beach
- El Morrillo Beach
- Beach and Vacation Center Punta Santiago
- Marta Casals de Istomin – Casals Musical Festival Director
- Osiris Delgado – Artist
- Emilio E. Huyke – Father of the puertorrican basketball
- Águedo Mójica -Lawyer, educator and politician
- Rita Moreno – Actress, dancer, singer and a 1961 Oscar reciepient
- Antonia Sáez – Professor
- Luis Rafael Sánchez – Dramatist y novelist
Public Schools sorted by educational levels.
|ADRIÁN MEDINA||K-6||(787) 850-3233||PO Box 487, P.R. 00792-0000|
|ANTÓN RUÍZ||K-6||(787) 850-0010||HC 3 BOX 6101, P.R. 00791-9511|
|ANTONIA SÁEZ||K-6||(787) 852-1215||PO Box 8417, P.R. 00792-0000|
|ANTONIO A. ROIG||K-6||(787) 852-1478||PO Box 8419, P.R. 00791-0000|
|ASUNCIÓN VALLEJO LÓPEZ||1-6||(787) 850-7375||PO Box 851, P.R. 00792-0851|
|CÁNDIDO BERRIOS||PK-6||(787) 850-1165||BA3 CALLE 26 PO Box 217, P.R. 00791-1165|
|CARMEN PILAR SANTOS||K-6||(787) 852-2065||50 CALLE, PROGRESO, P.R. 00791-0000|
|DR. VÍCTOR RINCÓN||K-6||(787) 850-3015||PO Box 912, P.R. 00741-0000|
|LIDIA FIOL SCARANO||PK-6||(787) 850-7080||CALLE 6 PO Box 0250, P.R. 00791-4615|
|LUZ A. CRUZ DE SANTANA||K-6||(787) 850-6460||PO Box 10033, P.R. 00791-0000|
|MAMBICHE BLANCO II||K-6||(787) 852-6452||PO Box 8419, P.R. 00791-0000|
|MANUEL SURILLO||K-6||(787) 852-7720||HC 1 BOX 1741, P.R. 00791-0000|
|ESC. NUEVA BO. MARIANA||K-6||(787) 852-3650||PO Box 487, P.R. 00792-0487|
|PADRE RIVERA||K-6||(787) 850-5588||PO Box 8717, P.R. 00792-0000|
|PEPITA LÓPEZ||K-6||(787) 850-4488||PO Box 487, P.R. 00792-0000|
|RUFINO VIGO||K-6||(787) 852-3215||URB. VILLA UNIVERSITARIA, P.R. 00791-4349|
|AVELINO PEÑA REYES||EE||(787) 285-6542||PO Box 487, P.R. 00791-0000|
|CARLOS RIVERA UFRET||7-9||(787) 285-0052||PO Box 10194, P.R. 00792-0000|
|JUAN DE DIOS LÓPEZ||7-9||(787) 285-1068||PO Box 487, P.R. 00792-0487|
|JUAN PONCE DE LEÓN||7-9||(787) 852-1242||MSC 342 PO Box 890, P.R. 00791-0890|
|ACADEMIA DE ADULTOS||2-12, ADULTOS||(787) 285-0390||PO Box 8450, P.R. 00791-0000|
|FRANCISCO ISERN JIMÉNEZ||K-9||(787) 852-1130||PO Box 875, P.R. 00741-0000|
|SU AGAPITO LÓPEZ FLORES||K-9||(787) 852-6494||PO Box 911, P.R. 00741-0000|
|SU CRUZ ORTIZ STELLA||K-9||(787) 852-5740||PO Box 10086, P.R. 00792-1086|
|SU JOSÉ TORO RÍOS||K-9||(787) 852-4435||PO Box 944, P.R. 00792-0000|
|SU LUCIANO RÍOS||K-9||(787) 850-7443||PO Box 851, P.R. 00792-0000|
|SU ROSA MARIA ROSARIO DE LEÓN||K-9||(787) 850-1474||PO Box 851, P.R. 00792-0000|
|ANA ROQUE DE DUPREY||10-12||(787) 852-1115||PO Box 86, P.R. 00792-0000|
|PETRA MERCADO BOUGART||10-12||(787) 852-7780||PO Box 9141, P.R. 00791-9141|
|SUPERIOR VOCACIONAL||10-12||(787) 852-1315||PO Box 890, P.R. 00792-0890|
|ESCUELA LIBRE DE MÚSICA||2-12||(787) 285-7901||PO Box 487, P.R. 00792-0487|
By Prof. Miguel Correa López
Humacao, hijo de taíno bravío
antillano por herencia occidental
con los africanos formamos tus hijos,
caribeño en abrazo fraternal.
Humacao, pueblo cuna de artistas y poetas
que has sabido la gloria alcanzar
por tus hijos que han dado fortuna
para hacerte Ciudad Oriental.
Humacao, para ti es el canto taíno
inspirado en una hermosa oración
por tu gente, costumbres y encantos
eres paraíso terreno de Dios.
Humacao, pueblo cuna de artistas y poetas,
que has sabido la gloria alcanzar
por tus hijos que han dado fortuna
para hacerte Ciudad Oriental.
Humacao, Humacao, Humacao.