Fajardo, Puerto Rico

Fajardo, Puerto Rico

The Hard Faces

fajardo marina
Puerto del Rey Marina

Fajardo (fah-HAHR-do) is known as the “Town of the Tough Faces,” because of how the residents fought off enemies during Spanish colonial times. Due to its location, it is also known as “The City of the Rising Sun” since it is the town on the main island of Puerto Rico where the sun first rises. The town is the transportation center between the main island of Puerto Rico and the island municipalities of Culebra and Vieques.

Fajardo is located on the far eastern tip, east coast of Puerto Rico. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the north and the east, by Ceiba on the south, and by Luquillo to the west. The highest elevations in its territory are located in the southwestern part of the municipality in Río Arriba wards, which are foothills of the Luquillo Ridge. Although at some points there are slightly higher elevations, the remainder of the territory is low-lying and flat, as are the municipalities that are located on the eastern coastal plains.

This municipality is a well-known tourist venue, because of its marinas, beaches, hotels, and natural resources. As well as being the location for the El Conquistador Hotel, Fajardo is known for the Cabezas de San Juan Natural Reserve. The Reserve comprises about 325 acres (331 cuerdas) located road 987, which runs from the town to Croabas. The area includes sea and coastal ecosystems, a rocky coast, beaches, a dry forest, mangroves, the Thalassia prairies, and a bioluminescent lagoon. There is a broad variety of trees, plants, and species such as the brown pelican and the sea turtle.

Another landmark is the lighthouse located at the Cabezas de San Juan Natural Reserve, which was part of the lighthouse system constructed by the Spanish government. Construction was begun in 1880, making it the second oldest on the island. The Fajardo Lighthouse was built in a classical revival style and has been in operation continuously since 1882. The lighthouse was restored in the early 1990s by the Puerto Rico Conservation Trust, the organization that owns the land where the lighthouse is located.

Fajardo is also the main travel center for the island municipalities of Vieques y Culebra. Access is also provided to other nearby islets and keys, such as Icacos, Palominos, Palominitos, and Diablo. The municipality has a small airport and a ferry terminal.

Today, Fajardo’s economy is based on manufacturing, including medical equipment and instruments, as well as the various offerings of the tourist industry.

Foundation:

Governor Bravo de Rivera founded the town in 1760. In 1772 it was named Santiago de Fajardo, it’s believed that Don Guozo Calderón was the founding governor of the town of Fajardo. The town of Fajardo had benefited much from the Power Law, by which several ports were opened to commerce, among them the Port of Fajardo.

In 1817 apparently three Venezuelan boats attacked the population, it is not known if the intentions were to occupy it or to resupply with food and water. In any case, they were rejected by the population. It was not until October 19, 1812, when the first city council was formed with the Mayor Don Manuel de Rivera that would direct the destinies of Fajardo.

In 1824 an incident took place in which a Commodore of the United States Navy was involved. Shortly after the mayor of Fajardo jailed a the Navy officer, Commodore Porter anchored in the port and threatened bombing the population if excuses were not given for the treatment of his subordinate. This was reason for Commodore Porter to be court marshaled.

The Fajardo economy traditionally had been oriented towards commerce through the port, and the cultivation of sugar cane and raising cattle. They did not lack in cultural activities and occupations. In 1882 Professor Sarroya had established a school; two years later the first Fajardo newspapers were founded, the Zumbador and La Voz de Oriente.

When the invasion from the United States took place in Puerto Rico, the Navy carried out a diversionary strike against Las Cabezas de San Juan Lighthouse. On August 1, 1898, they occupied the lighthouse. The population, by initiative of Dr. Veve Calzada, surrendered to avoid civilian losses.

In 1905 the foundation of the Fajardo Sugar Cane Refinery took place, the most important company to the local economy until it closed its doors in 1977.

Location:

mapa dorado Fajardo occupies the east end of Puerto Rico. It bordered by: the Atlantic Ocean to the north and east; by Ceiba to the south; and Luquillo to the west.

Area:

80.6 sq km / 31.0 sq mi

Population:

40,712 (census 2000)

Population Density:

505.1 per sq km / 1,313.2 per sq mi

People are known as:

Fajardeños

Fajardo is also known as:

Los Cariduros (The Hard Faces)
La Metrópolis del Sol Naciente (The Rising Sun Metropoly)

Wards: Fajardo, Puerto Rico

barrios fajardo
Census 2000:
Population by Wards – Fajardo
Habitants
Cabezas1,465
Demajagua1,094
Fajardo Pueblo17,864
Florencio4,225
Naranjo218
Quebrada Fajardo10,137
Quebrada Vueltas3,239
Río Arriba1,545
Sardinera925
Total 40,712

Source: Censo 2000

Patron:

Santiago Apóstol
Apartado 806
Fajardo, Puerto Rico 00738
Tel. (787) 863-2365

fajardo iglesia

Topography:

The most elevated parts of the territory are towards the southwest, in the Río Arriba ward, which is part of the Luquillo Sierra. The height fluctuates between 200 and 500 meters. The rest of the territory is level, as it corresponds to the municipalities located in the Eastern Coastal Plain.

Hydrography:

Fajardo River and the Fajardo Gorge. The Fajardo River has as its affluents the Juan Diego Gorge, Aguas Buenas Gorge, and the Mata Redonda Gorge; it extends 24 kilometers (15 miles) and is born in the Río Abajo ward, municipality of Ceiba, at 800 meters elevation. Towards the extreme northwest of this municipality we find the Aguas Prietas and Grande lagoons.

Economy:

Manufacture (pharmaceuticals and medical equipment), tourism and commerce.

Average Salary:

$302.54 weekly (1998)

Flag:

fajardo bandera It’s a tricolor triband. The upper one is gules (red), symbolizing the color of the shield’s border. Silver (white), the center one, standing for the color of the main pieces that appear in the shield and the crown. Azure (blue), the lower one, represents the color of the sky and the sea of Fajardo. Centered is the Coat of Arms of the village (villa) in natural colors.

Coat Of Arms:

fajardo escudo The Coat of Arms is formed as a square with a rounded base and stamped at the top with a crown mural of three towers. It has for support, two dolphins and underneath the base a banner with the inscription “FAJARDO DE SANTIAGO”.

The blue represents the color of the sky and the sea of Puerto Rico. In a heraldic way the blue symbolizes the sapphire which stands for: justice, vigilance, recreation, fervor and loyalty of its citizens. The silver or white color symbolizes a pearl. It stands for: humility, innocence, happiness, purity, restraint, frankness, integrity, eloquence, fairness and victory (without shedding blood) from its enemies. The small sloop symbolizes the recreational navigation of the region. The seagulls in flight symbolize in marine heraldic: the providence, the aid and the prudence of being near to the coastal protection. The silver waves represent the waves of the sea. The border symbolizes protection and shelter of the villa.

The color gule (red) symbolizes the ruby and stands for: bravery, nobility, intrepidity, joy, victory, generosity and honor. The shells symbolize the ones used by Santiago Apostle, who was the patron of the villa in its beginnings. The shells are eight, and represent the eight wards of Fajardo that are: Sardinera, Cabezas, Quebrada Vuelta, Demajagua, Río Arriba, Naranjo, Florencio and Quebrada Fajardo, that form part of the jurisdiction of the municipality. The mesh that covers the border symbolizes the fish net that the fishermen of the area use for producing a product that abounds more in this coast of the Island. The supports are illustrated by gold dolphins symbolizing the control that the people of that region exert over the sea and its fishing wealth.

Events:

  • Twelth Night caroling – January
  • El Resbalón de Mon caroling – January
  • Christmas in spring – March
  • Fajardo cycle event – April
  • Kite Festival – April
  • No to Drugs and Alcohol bicycle event – spring
  • Orchid Festival – May
  • Fishermen’s Festival – May/June
  • Patron Saint’s Festival in honor of Saint James the Apostle – July
  • Fajardo Carnival – July
  • Christmas lights – November/ December
  • Mayor’s Christmas caroling – December
  • Joaquín Mouliert caroling- December
  • Quebrada Vueltas ward caroling – December
  • Florencio ward caroling – December

Places To Visit:

fajardo faro
Cabezas de San Juan Lighthouse
  • Northeast Ceiba, Luquillo, and Fajardo Aqueduct
  • Fajardo Airport
  • Fajardo Dry Forest
  • City Hall
  • Saint James the Apostle Cathedral
  • Icacos, Palomino, and Palominito keys.
  • Old Sugar Mill Chimneys
  • Tomás Dones Hernández Coliseum
  • Fajardo Skate park
  • Fajardo Lighthouse
  • El Conquistador Hotel
  • Marina Islet
  • Bioluminescent lagoon
  • Puerto Chico Marina
  • Puerto del Rey Marina
  • Monument to Antonio R. Barceló
  • Monument to General Antonio Valero de Bernabé and Patriots’ Promenade
  • Municipal Natatorium
  • Concepción Pérez Alberto park
  • Fajardo Equestrian park
  • Las Croabas park
  • Rocosa beach
  • Sardineras beach
  • Palominitos Island
  • Escondida Beach
  • Colorá Beach
  • Ensenada Yegua Beach
  • Seven Seas Beach
  • Saint James the Apostle Town Square
  • Las Cabezas de San Juan Natural Reserve
  • Vieques and Culebra Ferry terminal
  • Villa Marina

Distinguished Citizens:

  • Isabel Andréu de Aguilar – sufraggist, political figure, and writer. Andreu belonged to the Liberal Party and ran for the Senate for this party. She presided over the Puerto Rico Association of Women Suffragists (1925 – 1929).
  • Antonio R. Barceló – attorney, political figure, and journalist. He was a municipal judge in his home town. Barceló was one of the founders of the Federal Party, although he later was a member of the Autonomist, Union of Puerto Rico, Alliance of Puerto Rico and Puerto Rico Liberal parties. He was a senator several times, in the 1920s and 30s, and at one time was President of the Senate. He also wrote for newspapers such as La Correspondencia, La Democracia and El Mundo.
  • Emilio S. Belaval-Maldonado – attorney, writer and playwright. Belaval was a district judge in Bayamón and San Juan, as well as an associate justice of the Supreme Court. He was a staunch defender of Puerto Rican culture, presiding the Puerto Rico Athenaeum and Pro-Arte Musical. Belaval was a founding member of the Puerto Rico Academy of the Spanish Language and a director of the Puerto Rico Academy of Arts and Sciences. His works include La novela de una vida simple, Cuentos de la Universidad, El puerto y la mar, and others.
  • Eugenio Benítez-Castaño – attorney, political figure, and poet. A backer of independence, he used the newspaper he founded, Patria, as a means to express his political ideas. Benítez was president and founder of the first pro-independence party in Puerto Rico, the Partido de la Independencia (1912). His poetry includes Siempreviva and A Puerto Rico.
  • Dr. Antonia Coello de Novelo – Former Surgeon General of the United States from 1990 to 1993. In 1994 was selected to be part of the National Women`s Hall of Fame.
  • Ivonne Coll – actress, singer and dancer. Coll stated working in comic skits produced by Paquito Cordero. She later traveled to the United States and took acting classes. She currently works on Broadway.
  • Tomás Dones-Hernández – teacher and athlete, known as the father of basketball in Fajardo.
  • Luis “Maguí” Mercado-Calderón – composer and musician. Mercado founded an art school and was a renowned guitarist and pianist.
  • John John Molina – boxer. Four-time World Boxing Champion, 130 and 135 weight.
  • Sandra Rivera – reciter and actress. She is a well-known stage and in television performer in Puerto Rican. Rivera was awarded the Best Actress and Reciter prize by the Instituto de Puerto Rico in New York in 1975 and the Alejandro Tapia Trophy in 1984 by the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture for her performance in Los árboles mueren de pie.
  • General Antonio Valero de Bernabé – soldier and founder of the Partido Liberal Venezolano, Valero became a leader of the Venezuelan independence struggle.
  • Carmelina Vizcarrondo – poet and essayist. She collaborated with the magazine Insula, which promoted a post-modernist style called “integralismo.” Her works include Alma latina and Minutero en sombras.

Public Schools sorted by educational levels.

Fajardo Region
Fajardo District

Name Level Telephone Addeess
Elementary
BERTA ZALDUONDOK-6(787) 863-3959PO Box 481, P.R. 00740-0000
DR. JOSÉ RAMOS LEBRÓNK-6(787) 863-0224PO Box 842 PUERTO REAL, P.R. 00740-0000
DR. SANTIAGO VEVE CALZADAK-6(787) 863-1385PO Box 1027, P.R. 00738-1027
EUGENIO M. BRACA4-6(787) 863-0324PO Box 759, P.R. 00738-0000
GABINO SOTOK-3(787) 863-8482PO Box 759, P.R. 00738-0000
INÉS ENCARNACIÓNK-6(787) 863-7570PO Box 1091, P.R. 00738-0000
MARIA I. DONESK-6(787) 863-8240HC 67 Box 15866, P.R. 00738-0000
PEDRO ROSARIO NIEVESK-6(787) 863-1840PO Box 1183, P.R. 00738-0000
RAMÓN QUIÑONES PACHECOK-6(787) 863-0624155 CALLE FEDERICO GARCÍA, P.R. 00738-0000
RAMONA RIVERA DE MORALESK-6(787) 863-8085PO Box 1091, P.R. 00738-0000
ROSA PASCUALA PARISPK-6(787) 863-8520URB. GARDENS CALLE 23, P.R. 00738-0000
Intermediate
ANTONIO VALERO BERNABÉ7-9(787) 863-0024PO Box 953, P.R. 00738-0000
JOSEFINA FERRERO7-9(787) 863-6770PO Box 1106, P.R. 00738-0000
High School
DR. SANTIAGO VEVE CALZADA10-12(787) 863-0125PO Box 1027, P.R. 00738-0000
NUEVA ESCUELA SUPERIOR VOC.10-12(787) 863-0424PO Box 1027, P.R. 00738-1007

Hymn:

By Juan R. Marrero & Cass Harrison

Fajardo que aquí en el oriente,
paciente como un pescador,
atrapas en el horizonte,
el primer rayito de sol.

Lo reflejas en Sardinera
lo esparces a tu alrededor
llevándole luz a Borinquén
que brilla como un prendedor.

Fajardo escogido del cielo
mi pequeño pueblo quiero
decirte que eres orgullo
de todo buen Fajardeño.

Así vivas sierra adentro
o en la playa Puerto Real.
Fajardo que aquí en el oriente,
paciente como un pescador,
atrapas en el horizonte,
el primer rayito de sol.

Lo reflejas en Sardinera
lo esparces a tu alrededor
llevándole luz a Borinquén
que brilla como un prendedor.

 

How to get to Fajardo from San Juan.

direction fajardo

 

You May Also Like